Part I: Eugen Kölbing and the Foundational Period (1877-1899)
Annotated Bibliography


The following chronological bibliography contains all titles (with short annotations) discussing any aspect of medieval literature, language, and culture (from c. 400 through c. 1500) published in Englische Studien from 1877 through 1899. Please note that, since the founding editor, Eugen Kölbing, had not originally conceived the publication as a periodical with fixed publication dates, there are several years during which two volumes were published (1889, 1892, 1895, and 1898) and one year when no volume was published at all (1878), thus making it impossible to establish a regular equation between volume number and year of publication.


List of Abbreviations:
EETSEarly Modern Text Society 
EmodEEarly Modern English 
EStEnglische Studien: Organ für englische Philologie unter Mitberücksichtigung des englischen Unterrichts auf höheren Schulen 
MEMiddle English 
ModEModern English 
ModGModern German 
OEOld English 
OFOld French 
ONOld Norse 


Volume 1 (1877)

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zur Textkritik des Ormulum." ESt 1 (1877), 1-16.
Lists corrections, based on Kölbing's own collations, of Robert Meadows White's 1852 Oxford University Press edition of the Ormulum manuscript at the Bodleian Library.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Die jüngere englische Fassung der Theophilussage, mit einer Einleitung zum ersten Male herausgegeben." ESt 1 (1877), 16-57.
Collation of H and V versions of the Middle English Theophilus narrative. The introduction to the collated edition extends the discussion of the distribution of the story in medieval Europe Kölbing published in "Ueber die englischen Fassungen der Theophilussage," in Beiträge zur vergleichenden Geschichte der romantischen Poesie und Prosa des Mittelalters (Breslau, 1876), pp. 1-41.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zwei mittelenglische Bearbeitungen der Sage von St. Patrik's Purgatorium." ESt 1 (1877), 57-121.
Defines itself as a scholarly "supplement" to Thomas Wright's 1844 monograph, St. Patrick's Purgatory. An Essay on the Legends of Purgatory, Hell and Paradise Current Through the Middle Ages, esp. on matters of sources, analogues, dialectal and textual matters.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zur Überlieferung und Quelle des mittelenglischen Gedichtes: Lybeaus Disconus." ESt 1 (1877), 121-69.
Investigates the thematic and textual tradition of the Lybeaus Desconus and provides a detailed textual comparison between the versions in British Museum Ms. Cotton Caligula AII and Naples Biblioteca Nazionale Ms. XIII, B29.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zu: On god oreisun of ure Lefdi, v. 37ff." ESt 1 (1877), 169-70.
Argues for the direct textual dependence of "Ureisun of ure Lefdi" on the OE Phoenix.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Nachtrag zur Theophilussage." ESt 1 (1877), 186.
Short note with additional bibliographic information not contained on pp. 16-57 of the same volume of ESt.

Stratmann, F. H. "Emendations and Additions to the Old English Poem of the Owl and the Nightingale." ESt 1 (1877), 212-14.
A short list of corrections to Stratmann's 1868 edition of The Owl and the Nightingale.

Thompson E. M. "Scraps from Middle English Mss." ESt 1 (1877), 214-15.
Short religious poetry and prose scribbled on F5 and F271b of Cathedral Library, Sarum Ms. 126.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zu Chaucer's Caecilien-Legende." ESt 1 (1877), 215-48.
Lists seven analogues to Chaucer's version of the Lyfe of seynt Cecile ("Second Nun's Tale").

Koch, John. "Ein Beitrag zur Kritik Chaucers." ESt 1 (1877), 249-93.
A detailed analysis (including textual collation) of the relationship between the descriptions of the Temple of Venus in Boccaccio's Teseida with Chaucer's "Knight's Tale" and Parliament of Fowls, followed by an attempt at dating the texts. An expanded version of this essay was reprinted in English translation in Essays on Chaucer. His Words and Works, Part IV, Chaucer Society Publications, 2nd series, 18 (London: Trübner, 1878), pp. 357-415.

Horstmann, C[arl]. "Die Vision des heiligen Paulus. Aus Ms. Vernon Fol. 229." ESt 1 (1877), 293-99.
Discusses and prints a version of the "Visions of Seynt Paul wan he was rapt in to paradys," in Ms. Vernon, 229, which he diagnoses as dependent on the one discussed by E. Kölbing in his essay on St. Patrick's Purgatory (pp. 57-121 in the same volume of ESt).

Horstmann, C[arl]. "Die Legende der Eufrosyne. Aus Ms. Vernon Fol. 103." ESt 1 (1877), 300-11.
Prints the ME life of St. Euphrosyne from Ms. Vernon, 103, together with some preliminary remarks on versification and dialect.

March, Francis A. "Anglo-Saxon and Early English Pronunciation." ESt 1 (1877), 312-17.
General remarks on different forms of alliteration in Anglo-Saxon poetry. The essay is a reprint from the 1871 volume of the Transactions of the American Philological Association. The editor of ESt justifies the reprint of an existing publication by claiming that the Transactions is "virtually unknown in Germany" (p. 312, fn. 1).

Stimming, Albert. "Rev. of King Horn. Untersuchungen zur mittelenglischen Sprach- und Litteraturgeschichte, by Theodor Wissmann (1876)." ESt 1 (1877), 351-62.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Bemerkung zu p. 121 ff." ESt 1 (1877), 362.
Correction to "Zur Überlieferung und Quelle des mittelenglischen Gedichtes: Lybeaus Disconus." ESt 1 (1877), 121-69.

March, Francis A. "Is there an Anglo-Saxon Language?" ESt 1 (1877), 367-78.
Argues against changing the nomenclature of 'Anglo-Saxon' to 'Old English'. The essay is a reprint from the 1872 volume of the Transactions of the American Philological Association. The editor's decision to reprint this specific essay was based on his own opposition to Henry Sweet, who had argued for the 'Old English' position (see p. 367, fn. 1).

Varnhagen, Hermann. "Beiträge zur Erklärung und Textkritik von Dan Michel's Ayenbite of Inwyt." ESt 1 (1877), 379-423.
Detailed textual comparison of several versions of the Ayenbit of Inwyt (Arundel Ms. 57; British Museum Addit. Ms. 17013; British Museum Addit. Ms. 22283 fol. 92ff.; Bodleian Library Ms. 283; and Caxton's two imprints of 1484 and 1507) and the relationship to their French sources.

Stratmann, F. H. "Verbesserungen zum Havelok." ESt 1 (1877), 423-25.
Corrections to Stratmann's own edition of Havelok the Dane.

Körner, Karl. "Rev. of Historische und geographische Studien zum angelsächsischen Beowulfliede, by H. Dederich (1877)." ESt 1 (1877), 481-95.

Körner, Karl. "Rev. of Beowulf. Analyse historique et geographique, by L. Botkine (1876)." ESt 1 (1877), 495-96.

Körner, Karl. "Rev. of An Anglo-Saxon Reader, by Henry Sweet (1876)." ESt 1 (1877), 497-502.

Lindner, F[elix]. "Rev. of On the English Adjectives in –able, with Special Reference to Reliable, by Fitzedward Hall (1877)." ESt 1 (1877), 503-5.

Kölbing, E]ugen]. "Rev. of Geschichte der englischen Litteratur, by Berhard Ten Brink (1877); A First Sketch of English Literature, 4th edition, by Henry Morley; and Geschichte des englischen Dramas, by J. L. Klein (1876)." ESt 1 (1877), 505-13.

Stengel, E. "Christian Wilhelm Michael Grein." ESt 1 (1877), 536-39.
Eulogy on Grein (1825-77) whose work on Old English texts makes him one of the founding fathers of English philology in Germany.

Horstmann, C[arl]. "Bemerkung zu p. 293ff." ESt 1 (1877), 539-40.
Corrections to "Die Vision des heiligen Paulus. Aus Ms. Vernon Fol. 229." ESt 1 (1877), 293-99.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Berichtigungen zu Band 1." ESt 1 (1877), 540.
Corrections on several of Kölbing's essays in the same volume.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zu Anglia 1 p. 373ff." ESt 1 (1877), 541-43.
Pointed response to Richard Wülcker's critical review of the first volume of ESt in the first volume of Anglia 1 (1877).

Volume 2 (1879)

Stratmann, F. H. "Zum altenglischen Wörterbuche." ESt 2 (1879), 19-20.
Corrections to his 1867 Dictionary of the Old English Language (really a dictionary of ME).

Liebrecht, Felix. "Ein altenglischer Schwank." ESt 2 (1879), 20-27.
Discusses Walter Map's "De Sceva et Ollone mercatoribus" from his Distinctiones IV, cap. 16, and some of its European analogues.

Varnhagen, Hermann. "Beiträge zur Erklärung und Textkritik von Dan Michel's Ayenbite of Inwyt." ESt 2 (1879), 27-59.
Continued from ESt 1 (1877). Detailed textual comparison of several versions of the Ayenbit of Inwyt (Arundel Ms. 57; British Museum Addit. Ms. 17013; British Museum Addit. Ms. 22283, fol. 92ff.; Bodleian Library Ms. 283; and Caxton's two imprints of 1484 and 1507) and the relationship to their French sources.

Böddeker, K. "Versifizierte Benediktinerregel im 'Northern Dialect'." ESt 2 (1879), 60-93.
Publishes a fifteenth-century English translation of the "Regula beati benedicti" from British Museum Ms. Cotton Vespasian A25.

Lindner, F[elix]. "The Tale of Gamelyn." ESt 2 (1879), (I) 94-114, (II) 321-43.
Provides substantial evidence that, according to the use of rhyme, meter, dialect, Romance vocabulary, grammar, and style, the tale cannot possibly have been written by Chaucer. Establishes that the text originated from the Northern part of the West-Midlands and was written toward the end of the thirteenth century.

Köhler, Reinhold. "Zu einer Stelle des altenglischen Gedichts von der Kindheit Jesu." ESt 2 (1879), 115-16.
Discusses a number of medieval and postmedieval analogues to episodes in the ME version of the twelfth-century Latin Infantia Salvatoris.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Nachtrag." ESt 2 (1879), 117-18.
Prints an additional Middle English analogue to the narrative discussed in R. Köhler's preceding essay.

Stratmann, F. H. "æ in Layamon." ESt 2 (1779), 118.
Discusses the spelling and sound variants for ME /æ/ in Layamon's Brut.

Stratmann, F. H. "Verbesserungen zu altenglischen Texten." ESt 2 (1879), 119-20.
Contains a number of corrections to published ME texts. Most of these were formerly published in Notes and Queries.

Witte, [?]. "Ueber das neuangelsächsische Pronomen." ESt 2 (1879), 121-41.
Demonstrates the dialectal variance of Old English pronouns on the one hand, and their tendency toward simplification and regularization on the other hand.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Einleitung in das Studium des Angelsächsischen. Grammatik, Text, Übersetzung, Anmerkungen, Glossar, by Karl Körner (1878)." ESt 2 (1879), 229-32.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Die Sage von Guy of Warwick. Untersuchung über ihr Alter und ihre Geschichte, by A. Tanner (1877)." ESt 2 (1879), 246-48.

Körner, Karl. "Rev. of Beowulf, trans. by L. Botkine (1877)." ESt 2 (1879), 248-51.

Körner, Karl. "Rev. of Cynewulf's Elene, ed. by Julius Zupitza (1877)." ESt 2 (1879), 251-62.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zur Legendenforschung." ESt 2 (1879), 281-2.
Short remarks on recent research on the legends of Theophilus and Cecilia.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Auslassung des Relativ-Pronomens in AGS." ESt 2 (1879), 282.
Provides examples for the elision of the relative pronoun in Old English against J. Zupitza.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Entgegnung." ESt 2 (1879), 282-84.
Response to J. Zupitza's review of ESt 1 (1877) in Steinmeyer's Anzeiger IV, 247-57.

Heyne, Moritz. "Heinrich Leo." ESt 2 (1879), 284-90.
Eulogy on Leo (1799-1879), whose work includes a number of studies on OE poetry.

Kölbing, Eugen. "Zu Amis and Amilloun." ESt 2 (1879), 295-310.
Defends his belief that the ME poem, Amis and Amilloun, is based on the Old French Amys and Amillyoun, against B. Ten Brink's suggestion that the ME poem might be the source of the French one.

Sweet, Henry. "Some of the Sources of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle." ESt 2 (1879), 310-12.
Discusses the possibility of Bede's Ecclesiastical History and several Old English poems as sources for the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.

Sweet, Henry. "Old English Etymologies." ESt 2 (1879), 312-16.
Discusses the etymology of beóhata and gársecg.

Stratmann, F. H. "Notizen zur altenglischen Grammatik." ESt 2 (1879), 316-17.
Provides additions to his forthcoming Mittelenglische Grammatik (1885).

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zu Sir Beves of Hamtoun." ESt 2 (1879), 317-20.
Corrections to William Turnbull's edition of the Auckinleck Ms. of Sir Beves of Hamtoun. A Metrical Romance (1838).

Böddeker, K. "Über die Sprache der Benediktinerregel. Ein Beitrag zur Kenntniss des Nordhumbrischen Dialekts." ESt 2 (1879), 344-84.
Continuation of the author's essay begun in ESt 1 (1877). This second part focuses on the Northumbrian dialect traits in the fifteenth-century ME translation of the rule of St. Benedict.

Maurer, K. "Rev. of Zur strafrechtlichen Stellung der Sklaven bei Deutschen und Angelsachsen, by Ignaz Jastrow (1878)." ESt 2 (1879), 476-88.

Lindner, F[elix]. "Rev. of The Libell of Englishe Policye. 1436, ed. and trans. by Wilhelm Hertzberg (1878)." ESt 2 (1879), 488-89.

Kölbing, Eugen. "Rev. of Englische Alexiuslegenden aus dem XIV. und XV. Jahrhundert, ed. by J[akob] Schipper (1877)." ESt 2 (1879), 489-92.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of The Ormulum, ed. by Robert Holt (1878)." ESt 2 (1879), 494-99.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Altenglische Dichtungen des Ms. Harley 2253, ed. by K. Böddeker (1878)." ESt 2 (1879), 499-517.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zu Chaucer's Knightes Tale." ESt 2 (1879), 528-32.
A response to some individual points in John Koch's analysis ("Ein Beitrag zur Kritik Chaucer's," ESt 1, 1877) of the relationship between descriptions of the Temple of Venus in Boccaccio's Teseida and Chaucer's "Knight's Tale".

Volume 3 (1880)

Stratmann, F. H. "Notizen zur altenglischen Grammatik." ESt 3 (1880), 13-15.
Short notes discussing contested issues in ME grammar.

Kölbing, Eugen. "Kleine Beiträge zur Erklärung und Textkritik englischer Dichter." ESt 3 (1880), (I) 92-105, (II) 273-334.
Short comments on 28 specific passages or words in OE and ME poetry.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Sammlung altenglischer Legenden, ed. by C[arl] Horstmann (1978)." ESt 3 (1880), 125-35.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Beiträge zur Erklärung und Textkritik des William von Schorham, by M. Konrath (1878)." ESt 3 (1880), 164-72.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Barlaam und Josaphat, eine Prosaversion aus MS. Egerton 876, fol. 301, by C. Horstmann (1877)." ESt 3 (1880), 190-93.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Essay Concering Anglo-Saxon Poetry, by H. Rehrmann (1877)." ESt 3 (1880), 194-95.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Das Neapler Fragment von Sir Isumbras." ESt 3 (1888), 200-202.
Prints fragment of Sir Isumbras (122 lines) from Naples Ms. 13 B 9 (1457) fols. 114-18.

Rambeau, A[dolf]. "Chaucer's House of Fame in seinem Verhältnis zu Dantes Divina Commedia." ESt 3 (1880), 209-68.
One of the first detailed investigations of Chaucer's indebtedness in the House of Fame to Dante's Divine Comedy. Rambeau not only finds correspondences in the general state of mind and structure of both poems, but also in a number of free translations. As Alfons Kissner (Chaucer in seinen Beziehungen zur italienischen Literatur, 1867) had come to very similar results in his comparison of Chaucer's Troilus and Criseyde and Boccaccio's Filostrato, Rambeau concludes that Chaucer had read and studied Italian and that he was working from an original copy of the Divine Comedy when writing the House of Fame.

Stratmann, F. H. "Verbesserungen zu altenglischen Schriftstellern." ESt 3 (1880), 268-71.
Corrections to several editions of OE and ME texts.

Stratmann, F. H. "Über die bestimmte (schwache) Form der Adjektive in Altenglischen." ESt 3 (1880), 272.
On the weak declension of adjectives in OE and ME.

Stratmann, F. H. "Altengl. –ere (-ære, -are)." ESt 3 (1880), 273.
Observations on Old English -ere (-ære, -are).

Hugo Ottmann, "Über die Auswahl des Lesestoffes im englischen Unterricht auf der Realschule erster Ordnung." ESt 3 (1880), 338-55.
Discusses the canon for readings in German Middle schools and opposes demands for exposing students at such an early age to pre-Shakespearean literature.

Stratmann, F. H. "Rev. of An Etymological Dictionary of the English Language Arranged on an Historical Basis, by Walter W. Skeat (1879)." ESt 3 (1880), 356-7.

Körner, Karl. "Rev. of Angelsächsische Sprachproben mit Glossar, by O. Brenner (1879)." ESt 3 (1880), 379-80.

Körner, Karl. "Rev. of La chanson des runes, texte, traduction et notes, by L. Botkine (1879)." ESt 3 (1880), 380-81.

Humbert, C. "Rev. of Die Geschichte Englands. Erster Theil: Von der Britenzeit bis 1399, by W. Schlee." ESt 3 (1880), 389-92.

Sattler, W. "Wilhelm Hertzberg." ESt 3 (1880), 401-403.
Eulogy on Hertzberg (1813-1879), whose verse translation of Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (1866) contributed much to making the ME poet known in the German-speaking world.

Stratmann, F. H. "Nachträge zu Englische Studien, Bd. II." ESt 3 (1880), 403-404.
Additional examples for his note in ESt 2 (1879) on OE /ea/ and /sc/.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zu Richard Rolle de Hampole." ESt 3 (1880), 406.
A textual note.

Horstmann, C[arl]. "Thomas Beket, epische Legende, von Laurentius Wade (1497), nach der einzigen Hs. Im Corp. Chr. Coll. Cambr. 298, p. 1 ff." ESt 3 (1880), 409-64.
Edition of Laurence Wade's English 1497 translation of Herbert Bosham's Vita et Res Gestæ Thomæ Episcopi Cantuariensis (published 1495).

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zur altenglischen Glossen-Litteratur." ESt 3 (1880), 469-72.
Corrective collation of Old English manuscripts published by R. P. Wülcker in Anglia 2 (1878), pp. 354-74.

Stratmann, F. H. "Notizen zur Angls. Grammatik." ESt 3 (1880), 472-73.
Two notes on OE grammar.

Stratmann, F. H. "Rev. of An Etymological Dictionary of the English Language, by Walter W. Skeat (1878)."

Hessels, J. H. "The Dublin Ms. of the Alliterative Romance of Alexander."
On Dublin Trinity College Ms. 213, which contains a fragment of the Alliterative Romance of Alexander that completes the lacunae in MS Ashmole 44.

Storm, Gustav. "Havelok the Dane and the Norse King Olaf Kuaran." ESt 3 (1880), 533-35.
Identifies the poetical Aveloc Cuaran with the historical Olave Cuaran. The essay was originally printed in Christiania Videnskabsselskabs Forhandlinger 10 (1879).

Kölbing, Eugen. "Eine unbekannte Handschrift der Ancren Riwle." ESt 3 (1880), 535-35.
Corrects J. Zupitza's opinion (Anglia 3 (1879), p. 34) that the fragment of the Ancren Riwle in Caius College Ms. 234 strongly resembles the one printed by J. Morton (1853), pp. 120-296, by listing a number of major structural differences.

Kölbing, Eugen. "Berichtigung." ESt 3 (1880), 541-42.
Response to J. Zupitza's critique of Kölbing in Anglia 3 (1879), p. 372.

Stratmann, F. H., D. Asher, and E[ugen] K[ölbing]. "Nachträge und Berichtigungen zu den Englischen Studien." ESt 3 (1880), 542-43.
Various short corrections and addenda regarding the three scholars' essays in the first three vols. of ESt.

Volume 4 (1881)

Stratmann, F. H. "Verbesserungen zu mittelenglischen Schriftstellern." ESt 4 (1881), 93-99.
Corrections to published manuscripts of a number of ME texts.

Stratmann, F. H. "Notizen zur mittelenglischen Lautlehre." ESt 4 (1881), 99-100.
Short observations on a number of questions regarding ME phonology.

Brenner, Oscar. "Rev. of Beowulf, ed. by Moritz Heyne (1879)." ESt 4 (1881), 135-39.

Brenner, Oscar. "Rev. of A Book for the Beginner in Anglosaxon Comprising a Short Grammar Some Elections from the Gospels and a Parsing Glossary, by John Earle (1879)." ESt 4 (1881), 139-41.

Maurer, K. . "Rev. of Extracts from the Anglo-Saxon Laws, ed. by Albert S. Cook (1880)." ESt 4 (1881), 142.

Asher, David. "Rev. of A Handbook of English Literature, by H. A. Dobson (1880)." ESt 4 (1881), 154-55.

Asher, David. "Rev. of A Manual of English Literature, by Chr. Fr. Silling (1879)." ESt 4 (1881), 155-59.

Münch, W. "Rev. of Select Specimens of English Literature Chronologically Arranged, by Rud. Degenhardt (1879)." ESt 4 (1881), 161-65.

Kaluza, M[ax]. "Das mittelenglische Gedicht William of Palerne und seine französische Quelle." ESt 4 (1881), 198-287.
Detailed comparison of the fourteenth-century romance, William of Palerne, with its French source, the OF Guillaume de Palerne.

Stratmann, F. H. "Zur mittelenglischen Grammatik." ESt 4 (1881), 289.
Short note on ME grammar.

Lindner, F[elix]. "Rev. of Ausgewählte kleinere Dichtungen Chaucers im Versmasse des Originals, in das Deutsche übertragen und mit Erläuterungen versehen, by John Koch (1880)." ESt 4 (1881), 339.

Lindner, F[elix]. "Rev of Chaucer's Sir Thopas. Eine Parodie auf die altenglischen Ritterromanzen, by Joh. Bennewitz (1879)." ESt 4 (1881), 339-40.

Lindner, F[elix]. "Rev of An Account of Chaucer's Translation of the Romaunt of the Rose, by Axel Klint (nd.)." ESt 4 (1881), 340-41.
While doing research on Chaucer and the Discourse of German Philology, Klint's short text of 25pp. proved inaccessible. To the compiler's knowledge, Lindner's review is the only proof of the study's existence.

K[ölbing], E[ugen]. "Rev. of Sammlung englischer Denkmäler in kritischen Ausgaben. Erster Band: Aelfric's Grammatik und Glossar, ed. by J. Zupitza, (1879)." ESt 4 (1881), 366.

Brenner, Oscar, "Rev. of Einleitung in das Studium des Angelsächsischen, by Karl Körner (1880)." ESt 4 (1881), 454-60.

Vietor, W[ilhelm]. "Rev. of Etymologisches Wörterbuch der englischen Sprache, by Eduard Müller (1878-1879)." ESt 4 (1881), 460-61.

Lindner, F[elix]. "Rev. of Über Chaucers lyrische Gedichte, by A[lois]. Würzner (1879)." ESt 4 (1881), 461.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Altenglisches Lesebuch. Zum Gebrauche bei Vorlesungen und zum Selbstunterricht, ed. by Richard Paul Wülcker (1872-1880)." ESt 4 (1881), 480-513.

Volume 5 (1882)

Treutler, H. "Die Otinelsage im Mittelalter." ESt 5 (1882), 97-149.
Investigates the European tradition of the story of Otinel and discusses the filiation of existing manuscript versions.

Kölbing, Eugen. "Kleine Beiträge und Erklärungen zur Textkritik englischer Dichter (III)." ESt 5 (1882), 150-56.
Short comments on sections from Piers Plowman and Milton's L'Allegro.

Seemann, O. S. "Rev. of Sir Orfeo, ein englisches Feenmärchen aus dem Mittelalter, ed. by O. Zielke (1880), ESt 5 (1882), 166-72.

Brenner, Oscar. "Rev. of Die Laut- und Flexionslehre der mittelkentischen Denkmäler nebst romanischem Wortverzeichnis, by Otto Danker (1879)." ESt 5 (1882), 172-73.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Grundzüge der englischen Litteratur- und Sprachgeschichte, by H. Breitinger (1880)." ESt 5 (1882), 206-208.

K[ölbing], E[ugen]. "Rev. of Bibliothek der angelsächsischen Poesie, ed. by Richard Paul Wülcker (1881)." ESt 5 (1882), 239-41.

Stratmann, F. H. "Kleine Beiträge zur mittelenglischen Grammatik." ESt 5 (1882), 369-72. Short notes on ME grammar.

Stratmann, F. H. "Zum mittelenglischen Wörterbuche." ESt 5(1882), 373. Short notes on Middle English lexicology.

Stratmann, F. H. "Verbesserungen zu mittelenglischen Schriftstellern." ESt 5 (1882), 373-78. Short corrections on existing editions of ME authors.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zu Dame Siriz." ESt 5 (1882), 378-79. Corrections on the textual passage from Dame Siriz in E. Mätzner's Sprachproben.

Stratmann, F. H. "Rev. of Das Lied von King Horn, ed. by Theod. Wissmann (1881)." ESt 5 (1882), 408-409.

Stratmann, F. H. "Rev. of Das mittelenglische Poema Morale, ed. by Hermann Lewin (1881)." ESt 5 (1882), 409.

Kölbing, Eugen. "Zu Amis und Amilloun (Engl. Studien II, p. 295ff." ESt 5 (1882), 465-66.
Additions to Kölbing's essay of the same title in ESt 2 (1879).

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zu Herrtage's Ausgabe von 'The Sege off Melayne'." ESt 5 (1882), 467.
Correction of S.J. Herrtage's 1880 edition of the Sege according to Kölbing's reading of the facsimile edition.

Schipper, J[akob]. "Zur Zweihebungstheorie der alliterierenden Halbzeile. Eine Entgegnung." ESt 5 (1882), 488-93.
Response to Th. Wissmann's critical review of Schipper's Altenglische Metrik in Literaturblatt für germanische und romanische Philologie, 4 (April 1882), regarding the rhythm in alliterative poetry.

Kölbing Eugen, M. Regel, and H. Breymann. "Nachträge und Besserungen zu den Englischen Studien." ESt 5 (1882), 493-94.
Corrections and additions to a number of points published in various contributions to ESt by the three scholars.

Volume 6 (1883)

Sarrazin, G. "Ueber die Quellen des Orrmulum." ESt 6 (1883), 1-27.
Detailed source study of Orrmulum, identifying esp. Bede and Aelfric as direct influences.

Sarrazin, G. "Zur Etymologie von 'bad'." ESt 6 (1883), 91.
Derives ModE bad from the OE participle gebæded.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Specimens of Early English, Part I. From 'Old English Homilies' to 'King Horn', ed. by Richard Morris (1882)." ESt 6 (1883), 92-93.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Die Sprache des kentischen Psalters (Vespasian A.I). Ein Beitrag zur angelsächsischen Grammatik, by Rud. Zeuner (1882)." ESt 6 (1883), 93-94.

Platt, James. "Zur altenglischen Declination." ESt 6 (1883), 149-50.
A number of corrections and additions to the topic of OE declensions to E. Sievers's Angelsächsische Grammatik (1882).

Ten Brink, Bernh[ard]. "Brief an den Herausgeber." ESt 6 (1883), 150-52.
Open letter critical of F. H. Stratmann's reviews of T. Wissmann's Das Lied von King Horn and H. Lewin's Das mittelenglische Poema Morale in ESt 5 (1882).

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Bemerkungen zu Wissmann's Ausgabe des King Horn." ESt 6 (1883), 153-57.
Response to Ten Brink's open letter (ESt 6, 1883) about F. H. Stratmann's review of T. Wissmann, Das Lied vom King Horn.

Hoffmann, A. "Der Bildliche Ausdruck im Beówulf und in der Edda." ESt 6 (1883), 163-216.
Beowulf and Edda.

Klinghardt, [H]. "Rev. of On the Use of the Subjunctive Mood in Anglo-Saxon, and its further History in Old English, by Gerold Holtz (1882)." ESt 6 (1883), 262-66.

Gnerlich, R. "Rev. of Das unorganische e im Ormulum, zugleich eine Untersuchung über die Flexionsweise Orms (1881)." ESt 6 (1883), 266-68.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Gedanken und Bemerkungen über das Studium der neueren Sprachen auf den deutschen Hochschulen, by G[ustav] Körting (1882)." ESt 6 (1883), 268-72.

Klinghardt, [H]. "Rev. of Der Genitiv in Beówulf, by E. Nader (1882)." ESt 6 (1883), 288.

Platt, James. "Nachträge zu Sievers' Angelsächsischer Grammatik." ESt 6 (1883), 290-93.
A number of corrections and additions to Eduard Sievers's Angelsächsische Grammatik (1882).

Stratmann, F. H. "Erwiderung auf Ten Brink's Brief an den Herausgeber." ESt 6 (1883), 293-94.
Response to B. Ten Brink's critique of Stratmann's review of T. Wissmann's Das Lied von King Horn in ESt 6 (1883).

Kluge, Friedrich. "Zu altenglischen Dichtungen." ESt 6 (1883), 322-27.
Short note on the homiletic aspects of the Seafarer.

Stratmann, F. H. "Etymologisches." ESt 6 (1883), 441-42.
A number of short observations on OE and ME etymologies.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Collationen." ESt 6 (1883), 442-59.
Collates existing editions of OE and ME texts with his own transcriptions: The Process of the Sevyn Sages (in H. Weber, Metrical Romances, 1810); The Seven Sages (ed. by T. Wright, 1845); "Ein angelsächsisches Leben in Neot," (Anglia 3, 1879, pp. 104-14).

Powell, York. "A Few Notes on Sir Tristrem." ESt 6 (1883), 463-64.
Corrections to E. Kölbing's 1882 edition of Sir Tristrem.

Volume 7 (1884)

Gierth, F. "Über die älteste mittelenglische Version der Assumptio Mariae." ESt 7 (1884), 1-33.
Examines the manuscript tradition of the ME versions of the Assumptio Mariae.

Brandes, A. "Über die Quellen der mittelenglischen Versionen der Paulus-Vision." ESt 7 (1884), 34-65.
Detailed source study of the ME versions of the Visio s. Pauli.

Ten Brink, Bernh[ard]. "Barewe, Bare, Bere." ESt 7 (1884), 65-66.
Critical response to F. H. Stratmann's etymology of ME bare in ESt 4 (1881).

Powell, F. York. "Notes on Death and Liffe." ESt 7 (1884), 97-101.
Corrections to F. J. Furnivall's edition of Death and Liffe published by J. W. Hales and F. J. Furnivall in Bishop Percy's Folio Manuscript: Ballads and Romances (1867).

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Kleine Publicationen aus der Auchinleck-Hs (I and II)." ESt 7 (1884), 101-25.
Publishes the Alphabetical Praise of Women, A peniworth of witte, and Here foloweth how a merchande dyd his wyf betray from Edinburgh Ms. Auckinleck together with critical annotations.

Heyne, M[oritz]. "Rev. of An Anglo-Saxon Dictionary, based on the Manuscript Collections of the late Joseph Bosworth, ed. by T. Northcote Toller (1882)." ESt 7 (1884), 131-35.

Sarrazin, G. "Rev. of The Erl of Tolous and the Emperes of Almayn, ed. by Gustav Lüdtke (1881)." ESt 7 (1884), 136-40.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Osbern of Bokenham's Legenden, ed. by C[arl] Horstmann (1883)." ESt 7 (1884), 142-46.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Angelsächsische Grammatik. Aus dem handschriftlichen Nachlasse des Verfassers [Theodor Müller], ed. by H. Hilmer (1883)." ESt 7 (1884), 146-50.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Wirnt von Gravenberg. Eine litterarhistorische Untersuchung, by Richard Bethge (1881)." ESt 7 (1884), 150-51.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Vier Romanzen-Handschriften." ESt 7 (1884), 177-201.
Surveys and describes mss. of ME romances in English and Scottish libraries.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Karl Körner." ESt 7 (1884), 215-16.
Eulogy on Körner (1841-1883), who studied with C. Hoffmann in Munich, was assistant to J. Bosworth in Oxford and collaborated with him on his Anglo-Saxon Dictionary before taking teaching positions in several German schools. He also published a number of essays on Anglo-Saxon grammar and reviewed publications for ESt.

Horstmann, C[arl]. "Informacio Alredi Abbatis Monasterij de Rieualle ad Sororem suam Inclusam Translata de Latino in Anglicum per Thomam N. (Aus MS. Vernon fol. a-k)." ESt 7 (1884), 304-44.
Publishes a ME translation of Ailred of Rievaulx's Letter to his Sister (Latin original provided in the footnotes) from Ms. Vernon.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. " Collationen." ESt 7 (1884), 344-48.
Collates existing editions of ME texts with his own transcriptions: Torrent of Portugal (ed. by Halliwall, 1842); The Assumption of Our Lady in Cambridge University Library Ms. Gg. 4-27.2 (ed. by J. R. Lumby, 1866).

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of La légende des Tristan d'après le poème français de Thomas et les versions principales qui s'y rattachent, by Fritz Vetter (1882); and Der Tristan des Thomas, ein Beitrag zur Kritik und Sprache desselben, by Ed. Röttinger (1883)." ESt 7 (1884), 349-58.

Klinghardt, [H]. "Rev. of Dativ und Instrumental im Beówulf, by [E.] Nader (1882-1883)." ESt 7 (1884), 368-70.

Krüger, Th. "Rev. of Der Kampf Beowulfs mit Grendel; als Probe einer metrischen Übersetzung des angelsächsischen Epos 'Beowulf', by G. Zinsser (1881)." ESt 7 (1884), 370-72.

Wendt, G. "Rev. of Die Sprache der Paston Letters, by Rud. Blume (1882)." ESt 7 (1884), 375-78.

Sarrazin, G. "Rev. of Beiträge zur historischen Grammatik der englischen Sprache, by Emil Eisenlohr (1882)." ESt 7 (1884), 381-82.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Theodor Wissmann." ESt 7 (1884), 383-84.
Eulogy on Wissmann (1853-1884) who, after studying in Tübingen and Strassburg (Dr. phil., 1875), specialized on ME language and literature and King Horn (Untersuchungen zur mittelenglischen Sprach- und Litteraturgeschichte, 1876; Das Lied von King Horn, 1881).

Ullmann, J. "Studien zu Richard Rolle de Hampole (I)." ESt 7 (1884), 415-72.
Edition and critical commentary (on manuscript, survey of content, authorship, phonology, and style/rhetoric) of Hampole's "Meditatio de Passione Domini," and "Speculum Vitae" from Cambridge University Library Ms. I.8.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Rev. of Wulfstan, Sammlung der ihm zugeschriebenenen Homilien nebst Untersuchungen über ihre Echtheit, ed. by Arthur Napier (1883)." ESt 7 (1884), 479-81.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Beówulf, ed. from M. Heyne by James Albrecht Harrison (1882); Bibliothek der angelsächsischen Poesie, ed. by Richard Paul Wülcker (1881-1883); Beowulf, ed. by Alfred Holder (1882); and Beowulf. Autotypes of the unique Cotton MS. Vitellius A XV in the British Museum, ed. by Julius Zupitza (1882)." ESt 7 (1884), 482-89.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Kleines angelsächsisches Wörterbuch, by Christian W. M. Grein; revised by Fr. Groschopp (1883)." ESt 7 (1884), 489-90.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Altwestsächsische Grammatik, by P. J. Cosijn (1883); and Kurzgefasste altwestsächsische Grammatik, by P. J. Cosijn (1881)." ESt 7 (1884), 490-91.

Volume 8 (1885)

Ullmann, J. "Studien zu Richard Rolle de Hampole (I)." ESt 8 (1885), 66-114.
Comparison and collation of two mss. (Bodleian Ms. Vernon; Cambridge Ms. Dd I) of Hampole's "Lamentatio St. Bernardi de compassione Mariae," and critical commentary on the Cambridge ms. according to meter, dialect, and authorship.

Kölbing E[ugen]. "Kleine Publicationen aus der Auchinleck-Hs (III)." ESt 8 (1885), 115-19.
Publishes two formerly unprinted fragments on King Richard from Edinburgh Ms. Auckinleck together with critical annotations.

Krüger, Th. "Rev. of Beowulf: An Anglo-Saxon Poem, and the Fight at Finnsburg, trans. by James M. Garnett (1882)." ESt 8 (1885), 133-38.

Krüger, Th. "Rev. of Beowulf. Stabreimend übersetzt von C. W. M. Grein, ed. by R. P. Wülcker (1883)." ESt 8 (1885), 139-42.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Étude sur la langue anglaise au XIVe siècle, by Adrien Baret (1883)." ESt 8 (1885), 146-47.

Bright, J. W. "Rev. of Ueber den Verfasser der altenglischen Metren des Boethius, by Otto Zimmermann (1882)." ESt 8 (1885), 147-48.

Sievers, E[duard]. "Rev. of Anglo-Saxon and Old English Vocabularies by Thomas Wright, ed. by Richard Paul Wülcker (1884)." ESt 8 (1885), 149-62.

Rosenthal, F. "Rev. of Laurence Minot's Lieder mit grammatisch-metrischer Einleitung, by Wilhelm Scholle (1884)." ESt 8 (1885), 162-66.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Kurzer Leitfaden der Geschichte der englischen Litteratur, by Stopford A. Brooke (1882); A Short Sketch of English Literature from Chaucer to the Present Time Compiled from the English Sources, by El. Mann (1883); and Geschichte der englischen Litteratur von ihren Anfängen bis auf die neueste Zeit, by Eduard Engel (1883)." ESt 8 (1885), 182-91.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Catalogue des manuscripts anglais de la Bibliotèque Nationale, by Gaston Raynaud (1884)." ESt 8 (1885), 192.

Hoofe, A. "Lautuntersuchungen zu Osbern of Bokenham's Legenden." ESt 8 (1885), 209-54.
Investigates the phonological aspects of Osbern of Bokenham's Lyvys of Seyntys on the basis of C. Horstmann's 1883 edition.

Horstmann, C[arl]. "Mittheilungen aus Ms. Vernon." ESt 8 (1885), 254-77.
Prints, with commentary, the following texts from Ms. Vernon: "La estorie del Euangelie;" "La dispitison bitwene a god man and the deuel;" "The pope Trental."

Horstmann, C[arl]. "Rathschläge für eine Orientreise (Aus Ms. Cotton Append. VIII, f. 108ff)." ESt 8 (1885), 277-84.
Prints fragmentary text from Ms. Cotton containing advice for traveling to the orient.

Horstmann, C[arl]. "Questiones By-twene the Maister of Oxenford and his Clerke (Aus Ms. Harl. 1304)." ESt 8 (1885), 284-87.
Prints short text from Ms. Harley.

Liebrecht, Felix. "Rev. of Longfellow's Tales of a Wayside Inn und ihre Quellen, by H[ermann] Varnhagen (1884)." ESt 8 (1885), 324-27.

Klinghardt, H. "Rev. of Darstellung der Syntax in Cynewulf's Elene, by Joseph Schürmann (1884)." ESt 8 (1885), 351-54.

Rhode, A. "Rev. of 'Li Lais de Lanval'. Altfranzösisches Gedicht der Marie de France, nebst Th. Chestre's 'Launfal', ed. by Ludwig Erling (1883)." ESt 8 (1885), 378-80.

Zupitza, Julius. "Bemerkungen zum Lob der Frauen." ESt 8 (1885), 394-98.
Reacts to E. Kölbing's publication of the Alphabetical Praise of Women in ESt 7 (1884) with a number of textual explications and corrections.

Brandes, Hermann. "Die mittelenglische Destruction of Troy und ihre Quelle." ESt 8 (1885), 398-410.
Detailed comparison between the ME Destruction of Troy and its source, Guido delle Colonne's Historia Troiana.

K[ölbing], E[ugen]. "Heinrich Franz Stratmann." ESt 8 (1885), 414-16.
Eulogy on Stratmann (1822-1884), whose important work on lexicology and grammar (Dictionary of the Old English Language, 1867) as well as his edition of The Owl and the Nightingale (1868) made him one of the best known scholars of early English in Germany and beyond.

Eisenlohr, Emil. "Erwiderung." ESt 8 (1885), 423.
Response to G. Sarrazin's review of Eisenlohr's Beiträge zur historischen Grammatik der englischen Sprache in ESt 7 (1884).

Sarrazin, G. "Gegenäusserung des Recensenten." ESt 8 (1885), 424.
Response to E. Eisenlohr's "Erwiderung" on the preceding page.

Hart, J. M. "Zu: Englische Studien VIII p. 66." ESt 8 (1885), 424.
Response to G. Sarrazin, "Zur Etymologie von 'bad'." ESt 6 (1883), 91.

Schwarz, Max. "Kleine Publicationen aus der Auchinleck-Hs." ESt 8 (1885), 426-64.
Critical discussion of the "Assumptio Mariae" from the Auchinleck Ms. regarding sources and analogues, manuscript affiliation, form, style, and dialect.

Zupitza, Julius. "Zur Etymologie von NE. Merry." ESt 8 (1885), 465-72.
Learned note on the etymology of ModE merry.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Zu altenglischen Dichtungen." ESt 8 (1885), 472-79.
Continues Kluge's discussion of the Seafarer in ESt 6 (1883).

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Englische Etymologien." ESt 8 (1885), 479.
Note on the roots of Scot. swats (beer) and OS sol (placenta).

Kluge, F[rierich]. "Rev. of Aesthetische Studien zur angelsächsischen Poesie, by Reinhold Merbot (1883)." ESt 8 (1885), 480-82.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Rev. of Zur angelsächsischen Namensforschung, by Alois Hruschka (1884)." ESt 8 (1885), 488-89.

Zupitza, Julius. "Bemerkungen zu: A peniworth of witte. (Engl. Stud. VII, 111ff.)." ESt 8 (1885), 496-501.
Response to Kölbing's publication and commentary on A peniworth of witte in ESt 7 (1884).

Fick, W. "Vocalverkürzung in englischen Wörtern germanischen Ursprungs." ESt 8 (1885), 502-10.
Discusses the shortening of vowels in English words of Germanic origin.

Schröder, Edward. "Zu Laurence Minot." ESt 8 (1885), 510-11.
Textual note on W. Scholle's 1884 edition of Minot's poetry.

Volume 9 (1886)

Toulmin Smith, L[ucy]. "St. Patrick's Purgatory, and the Knight, Sir Owen. (From a manuscript of the 15th century.)" ESt 9 (1886), 1-12.
Collates a second version of the ms. of St. Patrick's Purgatory Kölbing printed in ESt 1 (1877) from Ms. Cotton Caligula A II, which she uncovered at Brome Hall, Suffolk, belonging to Sir Edward Kerrison Bart.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Zum altenglischen Sprachschatz." ESt 9 (1886), 35-42.
Lists linguistically important entries from the interliniear version of Bede's Liber Scintillarum from Codex Reg. 7 C IV.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Kleine Publicationen aus der Auchinleck-Hs. (V)." ESt 9 (1886), 42-50.
Prints "On the seuen dedly sinnes;" "The Pater noster vndo on englissh;" and "Psalm L;" from Ms. Auchinleck.

Breul, Karl. "The Boke of Curtesy." ESt 9 (1886), 51-63.
Discusses five versions of "The Boke of Curtesy," establishes their manuscript filiation with the help of a tree diagram, and prints a critical edition of the short poem.

Krüger, Th. "Rev. of Beovulf, poema epico anglosassone del VII secolo, trans. by Cav. Giusto Grion (1883)."

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Floris and Blaunchefleur. Mittelenglisches Gedicht aus dem 13. Jahrhundert nebst litterarischer Untersuchung und einem Abriss über die Verbreitung der Sage in der europäischen Litteratur, ed. by. Emil Hausknecht (1885)." ESt 9 (1886), 92-106.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Mittelenglische Grammatik, by Franz Heinrich Stratmann (1885)." ESt 9 (1886), 106-107.

Lindner, F[elix]. "Rev. of The Tale of Gamelyn from the Harleian Ms. no. 7334 Collated with six other Mss., ed. by Walter W. Skeat (1884)." ESt 9 (1886), 111-13.

Menthel, E. "Rev. of Einfache und doppelte Consonanten im Ormulum, by H. Effer (1885)." ESt 9 (1886), 113-14.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of First Middle English Primer. Extracts from the Ancren Riwle and Ormulum with Grammar and Glossary, ed. by Henry Sweet (1884)." ESt 9 (1886), 115-17.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of History of English Literature for the Use of Ladies' Schools and Seminaries, by Johanna Siedler (1884)." ESt 9 (1886), 142-43.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Die Sage von Amis and Amiles, by Paul Schwieger (1885); On Milton's Dramatic Poems, by A. Himmelreich (1884); and Zum Beowulfliede, by Th. Krüger (1884)." ESt 9 (1886), 149-50.

Krüger, Th. "Rev. of Beowulf: An Anglo-Saxon Poem, and the Fight at Finnsburg, trans. by James M. Garnet[t] (1885)." ESt 9 (1886), 151-52.

K[ölbing], E[ugen]. "Rev. of An Old English Grammar, by Eduard Sievers, ed. and trans. by Albert S. Cook (1885)." ESt 9 (1886), 152.

Fick, W. "Zur Frage von der Authenticität der mittelenglischen Übersetzung des Romans von der Rose." ESt 9 (1886), 161-67.
Defends Chaucer's authorship of the Romaunt of the Rose against earlier treatments by B. Ten Brink and W. W. Skeat; Fick is especially opposed to Skeat's too unsophisticated application of the so-called "rhyme test," since it represents an idealized demand on rhyming which should not be applied to (1) an early work and (2) to a translation. Fick adduces a number of close parallels of the Romaunt with other clearly Chaucerian texts to show their interior connectedness. Skeat responds to Fick's essay in the same volume of ESt (p. 506), and Fick responds again to Skeat (also p. 506).

Stoffel, C. "Zu Assumptio Mariae in der Schweifreimstrophe (Englische studien VIII, 428ff)." ESt 9 (1886), 177-79.
Proposes a number of textual corrections to M. Schwarz's edition of the Assumptio Mariae in his "Kleine Publicationen aus der Auchinleck-Hs." ESt 8 (1885).

Erling, L[udwig]. "Zu Chester's Launval." ESt 9 (1886), 182.
Response to A. Rhode's review of Erling's 'Li Lais de Lanval' (1883) in ESt 8 (1885).

Schipper, J[akob]. "Metrische Randglossen." ESt 9 (1886), 184-94.
Critical response to M. Trautmann's attack on Schipper in Anglia Anzeiger 5 (1895), regarding the similarity in meter between Otfrid of Weissenburg South Rhenish Franconian poem, The Book of Gospels, and Layamon's Brut.

K[ölbing], E[ugen]. "Oskar Zielke." ESt 9 (1886), 198-99.
Eulogy on Kölbing's first doctoral student, Zielke (1851-1886), whose 1880 edition of King Orfeo was very positively reviewed by a number of journals.

Varnhagen, Hermann. "Die Erzählung von der Wiege. (Chaucer's Reeve's Tale)." ESt 9 (1886), 240-66.
Describes, collates, and discusses the manuscript filiation (including tree diagram) of seven European versions of the story of the cradel in Chaucer's "Reeve's Tale."

Schröer, Arnold. "De consuetudine monachorum." ESt 9 (1886), 290-96.
Prints and discusses an OE "Liber de Consuetudine Monachorum" from British Museum Ms. Cotton Tiberius A III, 174a-176b.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Rev. of Altisländische und altnorwegische Grammatik, by Adolf Noreen (1884)." ESt 9 (1886), 311-12.

Einenkel, Eugen. "Zu Schipper's 'Metrischen Randglossen'." ESt 9 (1886), 368-73.
Critical response to J. Schipper's "Metrische Randglossen." ESt 9 (1886). Einenkel defends the meter in Layamon's Brut as possibly coming from an indigenous Germanic tradition, not necessarily a learned (Roman) one.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zu Goldberg's Ausgabe eines englischen Cato." ESt 9 (1886), 373-74.
Several corrections to M. O. Goldberg's edition of two ME sections from Cato's Disticha in Anglia 7 (1885).

Stoffel, C. "Zu E. Hausknecht's Floris and Blauncheflur." ESt 9 (1886), 389-90.
Critical response to Kölbing's review of E. Hausknecht's Floris and Blaunchefleur (1885) in ESt 9 (1886).

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Kleine Publicationen aus der Auchinleck-Hs (VIII)." ESt 9 (1886), 440-43.
Publishes a short moral poem from Edinburgh Ms. Auckinleck fol. 303b-303d together with critical annotations.

Liebrecht, Felix. "Rev. of The English and Scottish Popular Ballads, ed. by Francis James Child." ESt 9 (1886), 444-48.

Hall, Joseph. "Rev. of York Plays, the Plays Performed by the Crafts or Mysteries of York on the Day of Corpus Christi in the 14th, 15th, and 16th Centuries, ed. by. Lucy Toulmin Smith (1885)." ESt 9 (1886), 448-53.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of A Common-Place Book of the Fiteenth Century, Containing a Religious Play and Poetry, Legal Forms, and Local Accounts. Printed from the Original Manuscript at Brome Hall, Suffolk, by Lady Caroline Kerrison, ed. by Lucy Toulmin Smith (1886)." ESt 9 (1886), 453-55.

Breul, Karl. "Rev. of Amis and Amiloun, zugleich mit der altfranzösischen Quelle, ed. by Eugen Kölbing (1884); and Octavian, zwei mittelenglische Bearbeitungen der Sage, ed. by Gregor Sarrazin (1885)." ESt 9 (1886), 456-66.

Sattler, W. "Rev. of A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles, ed. by James A. H. Murray (1885)." ESt 9 (1886), 466-68.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Rev. of Das Meer in der Dichtung der Angelsachsen, by Hans Merbach (1884)." ESt 9 (1886), 470-71.

Schulz, Alwin. "Rev. of Brünne und Helm im angelsächsischen Beowulfliede. Ein Beitrag zur germanischen Alterthumskunde, by Hans Lehmann (1885)." ESt 9 (1886), 471.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Amis und Amiloun und Guy of Warwick." ESt 9 (1886), 477-78.
Claims that the second part of Guy of Warwick shows a number of astonishing similarities with Amis and Amiloun.

Hart, I. M. "Zu: Englische Studien IX, p. 38." ESt 9 (1886), 496.
Short note in response to F. Kluge's opinion on OE gægan in ESt 9 (1886), p. 38.

Mangold, W. "Ludwig Lemcke." ESt 9 (1886), 496-505.
Eulogy on Lemcke (1816-1884), one of the founding fathers of the originally linked subjects of English and Romance philology in Germany. In the area of medieval English studies, he is principally known for his "Zur Literatur über Chaucer," Jahrbuch für romanische und germanische Literatur 8 (1867) and his application of Darwin's theory of evolution to the genesis of medieval national character. The review stresses that Lemcke united philological exactitude with the aesthetic consideration of literary texts.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Englische Etymologien. 3. Angls. grep." ESt 9 (1886), 505-506.
On the etymology of OE grepe.

Skeat, Walter W. and W. Fick. "Zu: Englische Studien IX, p. 161 ff." ESt 9 (1886), 506.
Skeat indicates that W. Fick (ESt 9, p 161-67) disregarded an essay by Skeat on the question of Chaucer's authorship of the Romaunt of the Rose. Fick's response, printed within the same section, is that, even after consideration of Skeat's essay, he is still convinced that the Romaunt was authored by Chaucer.

Volume 10 (1887)

Horstmann, C[arl]. "Mappula Angliae, von Osbern Bokenham, (Uebersetzung aus Higden's Polycr. I Cap. 39 ff.) Ms. Harl. 4011 fol. 144." ESt 10 (1887), 1-34.
Critical discussion and first print publication of Bokenham's Mappula Angliae (c. 1447).

Horstmann, C[arl]. "Ueber Zeitrechnung. (i. j. 1445 verfasst), aus Ms. Harl. 4011 fol. 164)." ESt 10 (1887), 34-41.
Prints a fifteenth-century treatise on various medieval chronographiae from Ms. Harley 4011.

Zupitza, Julius. "Zum Lay Le Freine." ESt 10 (1887), 41-48.
Considers the relationship between Marie de France's Lai le Fresne and its early fourteenth-century ME translation, Lay le Freine.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of The Psalter or Psalms of David and Certain Canticles. With a Translation and Exposition by Richard Rolle of Hampole, ed. by H. R. Bramley (1884)." ESt 10 (1887), 112-14.

Koch, J[ohn]. "Rev. of Chaucers Sprache und Verskunst, by Bernhard ten Brink (1884)." ESt 10 (1887), 114-16.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Rev. of Die Kenningar in der angelsächsischen Poesie mit Ausblicken auf andre Litteraturen, by Wilhelm Bode (1886)." ESt 10 (1887), 117.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Rev. of Andreas: A Legend of St. Andrew, ed. by W. M. Baskervill (1885)." ESt 10 (1887), 117-18.

Schröer, A[rnold]. "Rev. of Das altenglische Gedicht vom heiligen Andreas und der Dichter Cynewulf, by Friedrich Ramhorst (1885)." ESt 10 (1887), 118-22.

Krüger, Th. "Rev. of Grundriss zur Geschichte der angelsächsischen Litteratur; mit einer Übersicht der angelsächsischen Sprachwissenschaft, by Richard Wülker (1885)." ESt 10 (1887), 126-28.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of William Dunbar. Sein Leben und seine Gedichte in Analysen und ausgewählten Übersetzungen nebst einem Abriss der altschottischen Poesie, by J[akob] Schipper (1884)." ESt 10 (1887), 128-33.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Rev. of Zur angelsächsischen Namensforschung, by Alois Hruschka (1885)." ESt 10 (1887), 178-79.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Englische Etymologien." ESt 10 (1887), 180.
Note on the etymology of ModE pail.

Stoffel, C. "On the Etymology of Decoy." ESt 10 (1887), 181-87.
Note on the etymology of ModE decoy.

Schipper, J[akob]. "Metrische Randglossen (II)." ESt 10 (1887), 192-201 (203).
Second part of Schipper's response against M. Trautmann's opposition to Schipper's thesis, that the meter of the Poema Morale and the Ormulum are modeled after the Latin tetrameter (jambicus catalecticus). Schipper adds another two pages at the end, which he submitted shortly before the publication of ESt. The first part this essay was published in ESt 9 (1886).

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Ms. 25 der Bibliothek des Marquis von Bath." ESt 10 (1887), 203-208.
Short descriptions of texts contained in Ms. 25 from the library of the Marquis of Bath.

Gröhler, H[ermann]. "Zu Richard Ros." ESt 10 (1887), 206-207.
Additions and corrections (on the family of Richard Ros) to Gröhler's 1886 doctoral dissertation Über Richard Ros' mittelenglische Übersetzung des Gedichtes von Alain Chartiers La Belle Dame sans Merci.

Breul, Karl. "Henry Bradshaw." ESt 10 (1887), 211-14.
Eulogy on Bradshaw (1831-1886) who, in his position as Cambridge librarian, provided many German scholars with access to English manuscripts. His publications include the influential essay on "The Skeleton of the Canterbury Tales: An Attempt to Distinguish the several Fragments of the Work as left by the Author."

Adler, M. and M[ax] Kaluza. "Studien zu Richard Rolle de Hampole (III)." ESt 10 (1887), 215-55.
Compares three manuscript versions and confirms Hampole's authorship of the Seven Psalms, mostly on the basis of an analysis of the dialect used.

Schröer, A[rnold]. "Rev. of The Oldest English Texts, ed. by Henry Sweet (1885); and Ueber Sprache und Mundart der ältesten englischen Denkmäler, der Epinaler und Cambridger Glossen, mit Berücksichtigung des Erfurter Glossars, by Ferdinand Dieter (1885)." ESt 10 (1887), 274-79.

Varnhagen, H[ermann]. "Rev. of Ueber die mittelenglischen Fassungen der Sage von den sieben weisen Meistern, by Paul Petras (1885)." ESt 10 (1887), 278-82.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Sir Tristrem, ed. by George P. McNeill (1886)." ESt 10 (1887), 287-91.

Kaluza, Max. "Rev. of Sprache und Dialekt des mittelenglischen Gedichtes William of Palerne. Ein Beitrag zur mittelenglischen Grammatik, by Albert Schüddekopf (1886)." ESt 10 (1887), 291-95.

Koeppel, Emil. "Die Fragmente von Barbour's Trojanerkrieg." ESt 10 (1887), 373-82.
Disproves Barbour's authorship of two anonymous fragments on the Trojan war on the basis of a metrical, textual, and syntactictical comparison with the Bruce.

Volume 11 (1888)

Krause, [F]. "Kleine Publicationen aus der Auchinleck-Hs. (IX)." ESt 11 (1888), 1-62.
Critical discussion and collation of two versions (Ms. Auchinleck VII fol. 7-13; Ms. Vernon fol. 304b-307a) of The King of Tars.

Napier, Arthur. "Altenglische Glossen." ESt 11 (1888), 62-67.
Prints and discusses a Latin-OE glossary from Bodleian Ms. Auct. 7.2.14.

Mayhew, A. L. "Rev. of The New English, by T. L. Kington Oliphant (1886). ESt 11 (1888), 126-39.

Nader, E. "Rev. of Angelsächsische Grammatik, by Eduard Sievers (1886)." ESt 11 (1888), 148-51.

Nader, E. "Rev of Altwestsächsische Grammatik, by P. J. Cosijn (1886)." ESt 11 (1888), 151-52.

Meyer, Kuno. "Rev. of Y Gomerydd, das ist Grammatik des Kymraeg oder der kelto-wälisischen Sprache, by Ernst Sattler (1886)." ESt 11 (1888), 152.

Lindner, F[elix]. "Die englische Übersetzung des Romans von der Rose." ESt 11 (1888), 163-73.
Discusses the authorship of the Romaunt of the Rose (scribal errors, rhyme, proper names, incorrect translations, French formulae) and concludes that at least Fragment C was not translated by Chaucer.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Nachträge und Besserungen." ESt 11 (1888), 215-16.
Short corrections on several of Kölbing's publications from Ms. Auchinleck.

Kaluza, M[ax]. "Zum Handschriftenverhältnis und zur Textkritik des Cursor Mundi (Im Anschluss an 'Hupe, Genealogie und Überlieferung der Handschriften des mittelenglischen Gedichtes Cursor Mundi. Altenburg 1886.')." ESt 11 (1888), 235-75.
Critical rereading of the theses developed by H. Hupe (1886) on the manuscript filiation and textual criticism (including collation) of the different versions of the Cursor Mundi.

Koch, J[ohn]. "Rev. of Second Middle English Primer. Extracts from Chaucer, by Henry Sweet (1886)." ESt 11 (1888), 290-98.

Mayhew, A. L. "Rev. of The Bible Word-Book. A Glossary of Archaic Words and Phrases in the Authorised Version of the Bible (A.D. 1611), and the Book of Common Prayer, by W. Aldis Wright (1884)." ESt 11 (1888), 298-304.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Ueber die Charactere im 'Bruce' des altschottischen Dichters John Barbour. Ein litterar-historischer Versuch, by Julius Baudisch (1886)." ESt 11 (1888), 30.

Nader, E. "Rev. of Readings from the Best English Authors in Poetry and Prose. For the Use of Schools and Private Students, by J. Siedler (1886)." ESt 11 (1888), 312-13.

Lion, C. Th. "Rev. of Tales from the History of England. Zumeist nach Stephen Percy's Tales of the Kings and Queens of England. Für den Unterricht im Englischen bearbeitet, by Otto Speyer (1885)." ESt 11 (1888), 318-19.

Zupitza, Julius. "Cantus Beati Godrici." ESt 11 (1888), 401-32.
Investigates the manuscript filiation of the Songs attributed to St. Godric.

Stoffel, C. "Woe-Begone." ESt 11 (1888), 484-87.
Note on the etymology of woe-begone.

Dieter, Ferd[inand]. "Zum Verhältniss der ältesten Glossen-Hss." ESt 11 (1888), 491-92.
Short note on the relationship of the Epinal glossary and the Erfurt glossary. Claims both depend on the same source text.

Dieter, Ferd[inand]. "Altengl. Ymbeaht = Got. Andbahts." ESt 11 (1888), 492.
Claims a Germanic (not a Celtic) origin for OE ymbeaht.

Hupe, H. "Etymologien." ESt 11 (1888), 492-95.
Discusses the etymologies of EModE Aroint thee; ModE wont; ModE to kill; ModE to skip; ME dille(n); ModE the ship is bound; and ME quert.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zu Chaucer's Sir Thopas." ESt 11 (1888), 495-511.
A response to J. Bennewitz (Chaucer's Sir Thopas, 1879) and W. Hertzberg (Chaucers Canterbury-Geschichten, 1866); on the basis of a detailed critical commentary on the individual words, etymology, phonology, and analogues of the "Tale of Sir Thopas," he concludes that Chaucer uses numerous elements from ME romances to ridicule the romance genre.

Volume 12 (1889)

Willenberg, Gotthelf. "Die Quellen von Osbern von Bokenham's Legenden." ESt 12 (1889), 1-37.
Detailed source study of the individual narratives included in Osbern of Bokenham's Legends of Holy Women.

Kaluza, Max. "Rev. of Sir Gowther. Eine englische Romanze aus dem XV. Jahrhundert, ed. by Karl Breul (1886)." ESt 12 (1889), 78-83.

Kaluza, Max. "Rev. of Ywain and Gawain, ed. by Gustav Schleich (1887); and Ueber den Einfluss des Crestien de Troies auf die altenglische Litteratur, by Paul Steinbach (1885)." ESt 12 (1889), 83-91.

Ackermann, Richard. "Rev. of A Second Anglo-Saxon Reader. Archaic and Dialectal, by Henry Sweet (1887)." ESt 12 (1889), 91-96.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Neuphilologische Essays, by Gustav Körting (1887)." ESt 12 (1889), 99-107.

Konrath, M. "Zu Exodus 351b-353a." ESt 12 (1889), 138-39.
Textual note on the OE Exodus discussed in an essay by A. Ebert in Anglia 5 (1882), p. 409.

Schleich, G. "Collationen zu me. Dichtungen." ESt 12 (1889), 139-42.
Collations regarding existing editions of Yvain and Gawain, Sir Perceval of Galles, and Sir Degrevant.

Brandl A[lois]. "Über einige historische Anspielungen in den Chaucer-Dichtungen." ESt 12 (1889), 161-86.
Part 1 discusses historical allusions to the "Squire's Tale", reads, for example, "Squire's Tale" as an allegorical tale about Edward III (see the refutation by G. L. Kittredge in ESt 13 (1889), 1-25). Part 2 discusses "Chaucer's Dream" as not by Chaucer, but by one of his students who intended to celebrate Henry V; an earlier English version of the essay, "On the Historical Personages of Chaucer's Squyeres Tale, and on the spurious Chaucer's Dreme," was published in Essays on Chaucer, his Words and Works, Part VI, Chaucer Society Publications, 2nd series, 29 (1878), pp. 623-56; Kittredge ("Additional Note. Chaucer's Dreme," ESt 13, 1889), dismisses this reading as based on Brandl's confusion of two dramatis personae.

Koeppel, E[mil]. "Rev. of Ueber den Ursprung der neuenglischen Schriftsprache, by Lorenz Morsbach (1888). ESt 12 (1889), 279-83.

Bülbring, Karl D. "Rev. of Streifzüge durch die mittelenglische Syntax unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Sprache Chaucer's, by Eugen Einenkel (1887)." ESt 12 (1889), 283-96.

Logemann, Willem S. "Zu den Indicia Monasterialia." ESt 12 (1889), 305-307.
Textual notes and commentary on the OE Monasteriales Indicia regarding F. Kluge's essay in the Internationale Zeitschrift für Sprachwissenschaft 2 (1885).

Caro, J. "Kleine Publicationen aus der Auchinleck-Hs. (X)" ESt 12 (1889), 322-66.
Publishes the Horn Childe and Maiden Rimnild from Edinburgh Ms. Auckinleck, together with critical annotations.

Kaluza, Max. "Rev. of Torrent of Portyngale. Re-edited from the Unique Ms. in the Chetham Library, Manchester, by E. Adam (1887)." ESt 12 (1889), 432-39.

Kaluza, Max. "Zu den Quellen und dem Handschriftenverhältnis des Cursor Mundi." ESt 12 (1889), 451-58.
Response to H. Hupe's essay in Anglia 11 (1889), which was critical of Kaluza's own essay in ESt 11, on the sources and manuscript filiation of the Cursor Mundi.

Konrath, M. "Die lateinische Quelle zu Ayenbite ed. Morris P. 263-269 und zu Sawles Warde." ESt 12 (1889), 459-63.
Claims the Latin, De Anima, printed as appendix to the writings of Hugh of St. Victor by J.-P. Migne, Patrologia Latina, vol. 177, p. 185ff., as source text for Sawles Warde.

Zupitza, Julius. "Zur Meditacio Ricardi Heremite de Hampole de Passione Domini (Engl. stud. VII, 454 ff.)." ESt 12 (1889), 463-68.
Corrections to J. Ullmann's edition and critical commentary to Richard Rolle of Hampole's "Meditatio de Passione Domini" in ESt 7.

Zupitza, Julius. " Zu dem Anfang des Speculum Vitae (Engl. stud. VII, 468 ff.)." ESt 12 (1889), 468-69.
Corrections to J. Ullmann's edition and critical commentary Richard Rolle of Hampole's "Speculum Vitae" in ESt 7.

Ehrhart, Carl. "Das Datum der Pilgerfahrt nach Canterbury." ESt 12 (1889), 469-70.
Ehrhart, who dates his note "april 1888," determines 19 April 1888 as the of the Canterbury pilgrimage.

Volume 13 (1889)

Kittredge, G[eorge] L[yman]. "Supposed Historical Allusions in the Squire's Tale." ESt (13 (1889), 1-25.
Refutes A. Brandl's essay in ESt 12 (1889), dismissing Brandl's allegorical reading of the tale as referring to Cambyuskan as Edward III and Canacee as Constance of Padilla, the falcon as Elizabeth, daughter of the Duke of Lancaster and his first wife, Blanche, and the tercelet, whose unfaithfulness is mourned by the falcon as John of Hastings, Earl of Pembroke, who was married to Elizabeth, but who divorced her in 1389 or 1390.

K[ittredge], G[eorge] L[yman]. "Additional Note. Chaucer's Dreme." ESt 13 (1889), 24-25.
Exposes Brandl's reading of Chaucer's Dreme in ESt 12 (1889) as being based on his confusing two dramatis personae, "the ancient lady," who acts as regent of the island of "Pleasaunce," and "my lady," the young mistress of the dreamer.

Napier, Arthur. "Altenglische Glossen zu Isidor's Contra Judaeos." ESt 13 (1889), 25-27.
Prints OE interlinear glosses in Ms. Bodleian 319, fol. 74, a manuscript of Isidor's De fide catholica contra Judæos.

Lauchert, Friedrich. "Rev. of Einfluss der lateinischen geistlichen Litteratur auf einige kleinere Schöpfungen der englischen Übergangsperiode, by William Vollhardt (1888)." ESt 13 (1889), 79-84.

Klinghardt, H. "Rev. of Layamon's Brut verglichen mit Wace's Roman de Brut in Bezug auf die Darstellung der Culturverhältnisse Englands, by Heinrich Krautwald (1887)." ESt 13 (1889), 84-87.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of History of English Literature, by Johanna Siedler (1888); History of the English Language and Literature, by F. J. Bierbaum (1887); A Manual of English Literature, by Chr. Fr. Silling (1887); Outlines of English Literature, by H. Toeppe; and Outlines of English Literature from Gildas to the Present Time, by Frederick Byron Norman (1889)." ESt 13 (1889), 100-107.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Kleine Beiträge zur Erklärung, Textkritik und Phraseologie mittelenglischer Dichter." ESt 13 (1889), 133-40.
Short textual annotations and commentary on a number of ME texts previously published or reviewed by Kölbing: Sir Tristrem, Amis and Amiloun, Praise of Women, A Penniworth of Wit, How a merchande dyd hys wyf betray, A Song on the Passion, Guy of Warwick, Sir Torrent, Roberd of Cisyle, Richard Coer de Lion, King Alisaundre.

Herzfeld, G. "Zu Leechdoms III, 428 ff." ESt 13 (1889), 140-42.
On a section containing 1) a legend of a noble lady entering a convent and 2) a list of women of royal birth in Lambeth Ms. 427.

Herzfeld, G. "Bruchstück einer Ae. Legende." ESt 13 (1889), 142-45.
Prints and describes the fragment of an OE legend (source: Acta Sanctorum for July 25) from Cotton Ms. Vitellius A XV.

Bülbring, Karl D. "Vier neue Alexanderbruchstücke." ESt 13 (1889), 145-56.
Prints and describes four fragments of the legend of Alexander from the British Museum ("Alexander. A Fragment, consisting of 6 leaves").

Bülbring, Karl D. "Zu The Seege of Melayne." ESt 13 (1889), 156.
Additional corrections to S. J. Herrtage's 1880 edition of the Sege and E. Kölbing's "Zu Herrtage's Ausgabe von 'The Sege off Melayne'," ESt 5 (1882).

Breul, Karl. "Henry Bradshaw. (Zu Engl. stud. X, 211-14)." ESt 13 (1889), 162-63.
Additional information regarding Breul's eulogy on Bradshaw in ESt 10.

Kupferschmidt, Max. "Über das Handschriftenverhältnis der Winchester-Annalen." ESt 13 (1889), 165-87.
Compares and establishes the filiation of all extant manuscripts of the Annals of Winchester.

Möller, Hermann, "Rev. of Beowulf. Untersuchungen, by Bernhard ten Brink (1888)." ESt 247-315.

Zupitza, Julius. "Die Romanze von Athelston." ESt 13 (1889), 331-414.
Newly prints, with textual commentary, the ME romance Athelston from Caius College Cambridge Ms. 175.

Koeppel, E[mil]. "Rev. of Beówulf. Mit ausführlichem Glossar, ed. by Moritz Heyne (1888)." ESt 13 (1889), 467-72.

Koeppel, E[mil]. "Rev. of Beowulf-Studien. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte altgermanischer Sage und Dichtung, by Gregor Sarrazin (1888)." ESt 13 (1889), 472-80.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Cynewulfs Elene, ed. by Julius Zupitza (1888)." ESt 13 (1889), 480-82.

Kaluza, Max. "Rev. of Ipomedon in drei englischen Bearbeitungen, ed. by Eugen Kölbing (1889)." ESt 13 (1889), 482-93.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Rev. of A History of English Sounds from the Earliest Sounds with Full Word-Lists, by Henry Sweet (1888)." ESt 13 (1889), 505-508.

Kaluza, Max. "Zur Texterklärung des Romaunt of the Rose." ESt 13 (1889), 528-29.
Three short explanatory notes on Chaucer's Romaunt: 1) reads l. 1674 Rone, as meaning Rouen; 2) reads l. 1362, at good mes, as "in a favorable situation;" and 3) emends aunsete, a scribal error in the Glasgow Ms of the Romaunt (l. 5200), to amisete, i.e., "friendship."

Volume 14 (1890)

Kellner, L[eon]. "Zur Textkritik von Chaucer's Boethius." ESt 14 (1890), 1-53.
Collates Caxton's print of Chaucer's Boece with British Museum, Addit. Ms 10, 340, and with Cambridge University Library Ms. II 3.21; as a preliminary result, Kellner concludes that Caxton's print version depends on a different source than the two other manuscripts.

Mann, M. F. "Rev. of Geschichte des Physiologus, by Friedrich Lauchert (1888)." ESt 14 (1890), 123-27.

Lauchert, Friedrich. "Nachträgliches zum Physiologus." ESt 14 (1890), 127-28.
A note adding information to Laucherts comprehensive 1888 Geschichte des Physiologus.

Kaluza, Max. "Kleinere Publicationen aus Me. Handschriften." ESt 14 (1890), 165-88.
Prints and critically annotates the legend of "The Eremyte and the Outelawe" from British Museum Addit. Ms. 22577 and "Die Boten des Todes" from British Museum Addit. Ms. 22283.

Schöer, A[rnold]. "Rev. of Die angelsächsischen Prosabearbeitungen der Benedictinerregel, ed. by Arnold Schöer (1885-1888); Die Winteney-Version der Regula S. Benedicti. Lateinisch und Englisch, ed. by Arnold Schöer (1888); and The Rule of St. Benet, Latin and Anglo-Saxon Interlinear Version, ed. by Henri Logemann (1888)." ESt 14 (1890), 241-53.

Nader, E. "Rev. of Die syntaktischen Erscheinungen in Be Dômes Dæge, by Johannes Höser (1889)." ESt 14 (1890), 253-54.

Lauchert, F[riedrich]. "Zu Mann's Recension meiner Geschichte des Physiologus." ESt 14 (1890), 296-97.
Response to M. F. Mann's review of Lauchert's Geschichte des Physiologus in the same edition of ESt.

Mann, Max Friedr[ich]. "Schlussäusserung des Recensenten." ESt 14 (1890), 297-98.
Response to F. Lauchert's preceding critique.

Schipper, J[akob]. "Nicolaus Delius." ESt 14 (1890), 307-13.
Eulogy on Delius (1813-1888), whom the reviewer calls the founding father of English philology.

Bischoff, Fritz. "Ludwig Herrig." ESt 14 (1890), 313-18.
Eulogy on Herrig (1816-1889), the founder (1846) of Archiv für das Studium der Neueren Sprachen und Literaturen and editor of The British Classical Authors, Select Specimen of the National Literature of England, from Chaucer to the Present Time (first edition, 1850, in its 64th edition by 1889).

Zupitza, Julius. "Die Romanze von Athelston (III: Epilegomena)." ESt 14 (1890), 321-44.
Third and final section of his investigation into the ME romance, Athelston. Sections I and II appeared in ESt 13 (1889).

Koeppel, E[mil]. "Zur Textkritik des Ipomadon." ESt 14 (1890), 371-86.
Corrections to and commentary on Kölbing's 1889 edition of Ipomadon.

Kittredge, George Lyman. "Anmerkungen zum mittelenglischen Ipomadon A. Zu Ipomadon B. Zu Ipomedon C." ESt 14 (1890), 386-92.
Corrections to and commentary on E. Kölbing's 1889 edition of Ipomadon.

Kittredge, George Lyman. "Zwei Berichtigungen." ESt 14 (1890), 392-93.
Corrections to K. Bülbring's commentary on the Alexander fragments printed in ESt 13 (1889) and his description of "Robin Hood and the Monk" in ESt 13 (1989).

Holthausen, F. "Beiträge zur Erklärung und Textkritik alt- und mittelenglischer Denkmäler." ESt 14 (1890), 393-401.
Critical observations on The Blickling Homilies, ed. R. Morris, EETS 58, 63, and 73; Old English Homilies, First Series, ed. R. Morris, EETS 29 and 34; and "Marienlegenden aus dem Lambeth-ms.," ed. C. Horstmann, Anglia 3 (1879).

Breul, Karl. "Zwei mittelenglische Christmas Carols." ESt 14 (1890), 401-408.
Prints and annotates two ME Christmas carols.

Sarrazin, Gregor. "Entgegnung." ESt 14 (1890), 421-27.
Response to E. Koeppel's review of his 1889 Beowulf-Studien in ESt 13 (1889).

Koeppel, Emil. "Gegenäusserung des Recensenten." ESt 14 (1890), 427-32.
Response to G. Sarrazin's preceding response to Koeppel's review.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zu Partenope of Blois." ESt 14 (1890), 435-37.
Critique of R. P. Wülker's discussion of Partenope of Blois in Anglia 12 (1890).

Volume 15 (1891)

Julius Zupitza, "Zur Sir Torrent of Portyngale." ESt 15 (1891), 1-12.
Critical commentary on the text of Torrent of Portugal and the corrections advanced by E. Kölbing (ESt 7, 1884) and M. Kaluza (ESt 12, 1889).

Wendt, G. "Dativ und Accusativ im Englischen." ESt 15 (1891), 82-107.
A diachronic investigation of the dative and accusative cases from OE through the late nineteenth century.

Minssen, J. F. "Rev. of Zur Geschichte der englisch-friesischen Sprache, by Theodor Siebs (1889)." ESt 15 (1891), 108-15.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Angelsächsische Homilien und Heiligenleben, ed. by Bruno Assmann (1889)." ESt 15 (1891), 115-16.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Athelstan, or the Fight at Brunanburh; and Byrhtnoth, or the Fight at Maldon; Anglo-Saxon Poems, trans. by James M. Garnett (1889)." ESt 15 (1891), 116-17.

Wülfing, J. Ernst. "Ae. Wyrde (weord) = Dignus mit dem Dativ." ESt 15 (1891), 159-60.
Lists examples of the use of the OE adjective wyrde (weord), meaning worthy, with the dative case.

Jentsch, F. "Die mittelenglische Romanze Richard Coeur de Lion on ihre Quellen." ESt 15 (1891), 160-247.
Investigates the textual history, historical content, and sources of the romance Richard Coeur de Lion.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Collationen." ESt 15 (1891), 247-50.
Collates Emare and Chronicle of England (published by J. Ritson in his Ancient English Metrical Romances) with one of his student's notes.

Holthausen, F[erdinand]. "Beiträge zur Erklärung und Textkritik alt- und mittelenglischer Denkmäler." ESt 15 (1891), 306-309.
Critical notes on texts published in Old English Homilies, 2nd series, ed. R. Morris, EETS 53; An Old English Miscellany, ed. R. Morris, EETS 49; and The Life of St. Katherine, ed. E. Einenkel, EETS 80.

Koch, J[ohn]. "Rev. of Chaucer. The Minor Poems, ed. by W. W. Skeat (1888); Chaucer. The Legend of Good Women, ed. by W. W. Skeat (1889); G. Chaucer, The Hous of Fame, ed. Hans Willert (1888); and Das Verhältnis der Handschriften von Chaucer's Legend of Good Women, by Siegfried Kunz (1889)." ESt 15 (1891), 399-424.

Kellner, L[eon]. "Rev. of Le Morte Darthur by Sir Thomas Malory, ed. by H. Oskar Sommer (1889-1890)." ESt 15 (1891), 424-25.
E. Kölbing adds a number of observations on the publication right at the end of Kellner's text (pp. 425-26).

Kaluza, Max. "Rev. of Geschichte der Ablaute der starken Zeitwörter innerhalb des Südenglischen, by Karl [D]. Bülbring (1889); and Geschichte der Ablaute der starken Zeitwörter innerhalb des Nordenglischen, by Adolph Wackerzapp (1890)." ESt 15 (1891), 427-29.

Kaluza, Max. "Rev. of Über das Verhältniss der mittelenglischen Romanze Ywain and Gawain zur ihrer altfranzösischen Quelle, by Gustav Schleich (1889)." ESt 15 (1891), 429-31.

Mayhew, A. L. "Rev. of The Century Dictionary of the English Language, ed. by W. D. Whitney, et al. (1889-1891)." ESt 15 (1891), 447-57.

Volume 16 (1892)

Schröer, A[rnold]. "Rev. of An Eighth-Century Latin-Anglo-Saxon Glossary Preserved in the Library fo Corpus Christi College, Cambridge (Ms. Nr. 144), ed. by J. H. Hessels (1890)." ESt 16 (1892), 68-71.

Sarrazin, Gregor. "Rev. of Beowulf. Untersuchungen über das angelsächsische Epos und die älteste Geschichte der germanischen Seevölker, by Karl Müllenhoff (1889)." ESt 16 (1892), 71-85.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Das Kreuz bei den Angelsachsen. Gemeinverständliche Aufzeichnungen, by Karl Lentzner (1890)." ESt 16 (1892), 85-86.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Die Räthsel des Exeterbuches und ihr Verfasser, by G. Herzfeld (1890)." ESt 16 (1892), 86.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Die Sprache des Rituals von Durham. Ein Beitrag zur altenglischen Grammatik, by Uno Lindelöf (1890)." ESt 16 (1892), 86-87.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Zum altenglischen Gedicht 'Andreas', by Wilhelm Hinze (1890)." ESt 16 (1892), 87.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Zwei mittelenglische Geschichten aus der Hölle, ed. by Anne L. Leonhard (1891)." ESt 16 (1892), 87-92.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Palemon og Arcite. En literturhistorisk undersogelse som bidgrag til Shakesperekritiken, by Theodor Bierfreund (1891)." ESt 16 (1892), 98-100.

Lauchert, Friedrich. "Ueber das englische Marienlied im 13. Jahrhundert." ESt 16 (1892), 124-42.
Discusses thirteenth-century poetic hymns to the Virgin Mary and compares them with their counterparts in other vernacular languages.

Jentsch, F. "Zur Frage nach den Quellen der mittelenglischen Romanze Richard Coeur de Lion." ESt 16 (1892), 142-50.
Response to reviews of Jentsch's essay in ESt 15 (1891) and G. H. Needler's 1890 Leipzig dissertation, Richard Coeur de Lion in Literature.

Holthausen, F[erdinand]. "Beiträge zur Erklärung und Textkritik alt- und mittelenglischer Denkmäler." ESt 16 (1892), 151-52.
Critical observations on The Play of the Sacrament, ed. by W. Stokes (1862).

Herzfeld, G. "Bruchstücke von Ælfric's Lives of Saints." ESt 16 (1892), 151-52.
Compares the lives of St. Agnes and St. Agatha from Ælfric's Lives of Saints contained as fragments in British Museum Royal Ms. 8 C VII with existing published versions.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zu der Winteney-Version der Regula S. Benedicti." ESt 16 (1892), 152-54.
Corrections and emendations to A. Schröer's 1888 edition of the Winteney version of the Rule of St. Benedict.

Varnhagen, H[ermann]. "Zur Etymologie von preost." ESt 16 (1892), 154-55.
On the etymology of OE preost.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Zu Engl. Stud. XIII, P. 529." ESt 16 (1892), 155.
Finds EmodE analog (from Cotsgrave's 1611 Dictionarie) to a marginal note in a manuscript of Chaucer's Romaunt of the Rose: "I had my silver and my friend."

Kaluza, Max. "Zu den Boten des Todes (Engl. Stud. XIV, 182ff)." ESt 16 (1892), 155-56.
Critical response to C. Horstmann's edition of "Die Boten des Todes;" see Kaluza's earlier response in ESt 14 (1890).

Sprenger, R. "Zur Hattosage in England." ESt 16 (1892), 157-58.
Provides for an English analogue to the legend of the miserly Bishop Hatto not mentioned in F. Liebrecht's discussion in his essay collection, Zur Volkskunde, 1879.

Sommer, H. Oskar. "Alexander John Ellis." ESt 16 (1892), 163-68.
Eulogy on Ellis (1814-1890), in his day the foremost English specialist in phonetics. To medieval scholars he was known especially through his compendious Early English Pronunciation (5 vols.; 1869-1898).

Kaluza, Max. "Stropische Gliederung in der mittelenglischen rein alliterierenden Dichtung." ESt 16 (1892), 169-80.
Discusses the strophic organization of fourteenth- and fifteenth-century alliterative poetry.

Bülbring, Karl D. "Rev. of Arthour and Merlin nach der Auchinleck-hs. Nebst zwei Belegen, ed. by Eugen Kölbing (1890)." ESt 16 (1892), 251-68.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Pearl. An English Poem of the Fourteenth Century, ed. with a Modern Rendering, by Israel Gollancz (1891)." ESt 16 (1892), 268-73.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Chaucer. The Prologue to the Canterbury Tales, ed. by Walter W. Skeat (1891)." ESt 16 (1892), 273-78.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of English Miracle Plays, Moralities and Interludes, Specimens of the Pre-Elizabethan Drama, ed. by Alfred W. Pollard (1890)." ESt 16 (1892), 278-82.

Toulmin Smith, L[ucy]. "Rev. of The Exempla, or Illustrative Stories from the Sermones Vulgares of Jacques de Vitry, ed. by. T. F. Crane (1890)." ESt 16 (1892), 292-94.

Wülfing, J. E. "Rev. of Darstellung der Syntax in Cynewulf's Crist, by Alfred Rose (1890)." ESt 16 (1892), 294-96.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Zur Kritik und Rhythmik des altenglischen Lais von Havelok dem Dänen, by G. Wittenbrink (1891)." ESt 16 (1892), 299-304.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Die beiden metrischen Versionen des mittelenglischen Cnaticum de Creatione, by F. Bachmann (1891)." ESt 16 (1892), 304-306.

Caro, Joseph. "Rev. of Bemerkungen zu dem anglonormannischen Lied vom wackeren Ritter Horn, by [Joseph] Mettlich (1890)." ESt 16 (1892), 306-308.

Lengert, O. "Die schottische Romanze Roswall and Lillian." ESt 16 (1892), 321-56.
Collated edition (with textual commentary) of the Scottish romance, Roswall and Lillian.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Rev. of Principles of English Etymology, by Walter W. Skeat (1891)." ESt 16 (1892), 393-94.

Koeppel, E[mil]. "Rev. of Beiträge zum Entwicklungsgang der neuenglischen Schriftsprache auf Grund der mittelenglischen Bibelversionen, wie sie auf Wyclif und Purvey zurückgehen sollen, by Ernst Gasner (1891)." ESt 16 (1892), 394-95.

Wülfing, J. E[rnst]. "Rev. of The Absolute Participle in Anglo-Saxon, by Morgan Callaway (1889)." ESt 16 (1892), 395-98.

Wilke, W. "Rev. of Englische Metrik in historischer und systematischer Entwicklung dargestellt, by J[akob] Schipper (1888)." ESt 16 (1892), 398-400.

Maurer, Konrad. "Rev. of Ueber den Quadripartitus, ein englisches Rechtsbuch von 1114, by F. Liebermann (1891)." ESt 16 (1892), 400-403.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Le Morte Darthur by Syr Thomas Malory. The Original Edition of William Caxton, ed. by H. Oskar Sommer (1891)." ESt 16 (1892), 403-405.

Holthausen, F[erdinand]. "Beiträge zur Erklärung und Textkritik alt- und mittelenglischer Denkmäler." ESt 16 (1892), 429-33.
Critical observations on The Story of Genesis and Exodus, ed. by R. Morris (EETS 7).

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Fitela." ESt 16 (1892), 433-34. On the etymology of the OE name fitela.

Koeppel, E[mil]. "The Eremyte and the Owtelawe." ESt 16 (1892), 434-35.
Collates different versions of the ballad printed by M. Kaluza in ESt 14 (1890).

Volume 17 (1892)

Ten Brink, Bernhard. "Zur Chronologie von Chaucer's Schriften." ESt 17 (1892), 1-23.
Discusses the question of the chronology of Chaucer's texts, especially the problem of the two prologue versions to the Legend of Good Women. Argues that 1) the poet wrote the G version later, as an older man; 2) the list of authorities named by the God of Love in G includes texts Chaucer did not seem to have know when writing the first version; 3) the ballad with the refrain "Alceste is here" (G) existed as an independent poem, prior to its use in the prologue, and it appears in its original form in F; 4) the structure of the Legend as initially intended appears more clearly in F than in G.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zur Textkritik der me. Generides-Romanzen." ESt 17 (1892), 23-73.
Detailed textual critique of W. A. Wright's 1873/1878 edition of Generides.

Wülfing, J. E. "Rev. of Ueber Wesen und Gebrauch des bestimmten Artikels in der Prose König Alfred's auf Grund des Orosius (hs. L) und der Cura Pastoralis, by Henry Philipsen (1887); Ueber den Gebrauch des Artikels in den Werken Alfreds des Grossen, by Adolf Hüller (1887); Das altenglische Zahlwort, eine grammatische Untersuchung, by Richard Fricke (1886); and Die Syntax der Pronomina in König Alfreds Orosius, by Karl Bock (1887)." ESt 17 (1892), 107-14.

Maurer, K. "Rev. of Quadripartitus, ein englisches Rechtsbuch von 1114, ed. by F. Liebermann (1892)." ESt 17 (1892), 114-18.

Bülbring, Karl D. "Rev. of Libeaus Desconus, die mittelenglische Romanze vom schönen Unbekannten nach sechs Handschriften, ed. by Max Kaluza (1890)." ESt 17 (1892), 118-22.

Fraenkel, Ludwig. "Rev. of Die Geschichte von Appius und Virginia in der englischen Litteratur, by Otto Rumbaur (1890)." ESt 17 (1892), 122-24.

Fraenkel, Ludwig. "Rev. of Die Sage von Hero und Leander in der Dichtung, by Max Hermann Jellinek (1890)." ESt 17 (1892), 124-30.

Lienig, P. "So That." ESt 17 (1892), 166.
On the use of ME so that (OF consecutive que [che]) which should be translated by asyndeton or "and."

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Ein Fragment von Robert Manning's Chronik." ESt 17 (1892), 166-71.
Prints and discusses a fragment from R. Manning's Chronicle in Ms. Rawlinson Misc. 1262, later 1370.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Bernhard Ten Brink." ESt 17 (1892), 184-88.
Eulogy on Ten Brink (1841-1892), important Chaucer and Beowulf scholar and founding father of English philology (first German chair in English philology in occupied Strassburg). Kölbing attests to him a combination of philological exactitude and poetic/aesthetic awareness.

Koeppel, E[mil]. "Zur Chronologie von Chaucer's Schriften." ESt 17 (1892), 189-200. Critical response to B. ten Brink's theories on the chronology of Chaucer's writings in the same volume of ESt.

Hippe, Max. "Rev. of How the wyse man taught hys sone, ed. by Rudolf Fischer (1889); Ueber das Fehlen des Auftakts in Chaucer's heroischen Verse, by Markus Freudenberger (1889); Die Historia septem sapientium nach der Innsbrucker Handschrift vom Jahre 1342. Nebst einer Untersuchung über die Quelle der Seuin Seages des Johne Roland von Dalkeith, by Georg Büchner (1889); Gesta Romanorum. Nach der Innsbrucker Handschrift vom Jahre 1342 und vier Münchener Handschriften, ed. by Wilhelm Dick (1890); Die Quellen von William Morris' Dichtung 'The earthly Paradise', by Julius Riegel (1890); Pereginaggio di tre giovani, figliuoli del re di Serendippo. Per opra di M. Christoforo Armeno dalla persiana nell' italiana lingua trapportato, ed. by Heinrich Gassner (1891)." ESt 17 (1892), 230-37.

Mayhew, A. L. "Rev. of A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles (part VI), ed. by James A. H. Murray (1891)." ESt 17 (1892), 265-71.

Mayhew, A. L. "Rev. of A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles (vol. III, part I), ed. by James A. H. Murray (1891)." ESt 17 (1892), 271-77.

Wülfing, J. E. "Ae. Sum mit dem Genitiv einer Grundzahl." ESt 17 (1892), 284-91.
On the use of OE sum together with the genitive of a cardinal number.

Wülfing, J. E. "Zu Engl. Stud. XVI, P. 84." ESt 17 (1892), 291-92.
A response to G. Sarrazin, ESt 16 (1892), p. 84.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Kleine Beiträge zur Erklärung und Textkritik mittelenglischer Dichtungen." ESt 17 (1892), 292-99.
Short comments on a number of texts printed in R. P. Wülker's Altenglisches Lesebuch (1874).

Preussner, O. "Zur Textkritik von Robert Mannyng's Chronik." ESt 17 (1892), 300-314.
Additional philological comments on Preussner's 1891 edition of Robert Mannyng's translation of Pierre de Langtoft's Chronicle.

Fränkel, Ludwig. "Gast und Wirtin in älterer Zeit. Nachtrag zu Engl. stud. III. s. 10 f." ESt 17 (1892), 314-315.
On the tradition of narratives in early literatures in which a guest receives the host's wife as concubine.

Fränkel, Ludwig. "Literaturhistorisches aus Roger Ascham's Toxophilus." ESt 17 (1892), 315-316.
Cites several references to medieval literature in Ascham's Toxophilus.

Fränkel, Ludwig. "Zur Geschichte von Robin Hood." ESt 17 (1892), 316-317.
Surveys the tradition of the Robin Hood narrative in English literature.

Lengert, O. "Die schottische Romanze Roswall and Lillian." ESt 17 (1892), 341-77.
Continues the discussion of the Scottish romance, Roswall and Lillian, in ESt 16 (1892), specifically the filiation of manuscripts.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Twelve Facsimiles of Old English Manuscripts, ed. by Walter W. Skeat (1892)." ESt 17 (1892), 412-413.

Karsten, Gustaf E. "Rev. of 'The Phonology of the Stressed Vowels in Beowulf,' by Charles Davidson (PMLA, 7, 106-33)." ESt 17 (1892), 417-20.

Bieling, H. "Eduard Mätzner." ESt 17 (1892), 464-71.
Eulogy on Mätzner (1805-1892), whose opus magnum, the Altenglisches Wörterbuch, remained unfinished, but was used and praised by a large number of medieval scholars.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Reinhold Köhler." ESt 17 (1892), 471-72.
Eulogy on Köhler (1830-1892), a Weimar librarian who contributed work in the area of comparative literary history and ME literature (esp. Chaucer.).

Volume 18 (1893)

Sternberg, R. "Ueber eine versificierte mittelenglische Chronik (Ritson, Anc. Engl. Metrical Romances, Vol. II, p. 270 ff.)." ESt 18 (1893), 1-23.
Critical discussion of the so-called "Short English Metrical Chronicle" (manuscript filiation, dialect, meter, alliteration).

Breul, Karl. "Die Umgestaltung des Medieval and Modern Languages Tripos zu Cambridge." ESt 18 (1893), 43-62.
Changes in the Cambridge University language and literature examination system with detailed lists of medieval and early modern texts tested during the exams.

Klinghardt, H. "Der neue Sprachunterricht im Ausland." ESt 18 (1893), 63-92.
Surveys developments and publications in modern language and literature teaching in several European countries. Pp. 89-92 survey "England-Amerika," with an emphasis on ME (H. Sweet, Second Middle English Primer, 1892) and the teaching of OE at U.S. colleges.

Koeppel, E[mil]. "Rev. of The Deeds of Beowulf. An English Epic of the Eighth Century Done into Modern Verse, by John Earle (1892)." ESt 18 (1893), 93-95.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel with Supplementary Extracts from the Others, ed. by Charles Plummer (1892)." ESt 18 (1893), 95-98.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of Judith. Studies in Metre, Language and Style, with an Overview to Determining the Date of the Oldenglish Fragment and the Home of its Author, by T. Gregory Foster (1892)." ESt 18 (1893), 98-101.

Koeppel, Emil. "Rev. of The Old English Manor. A Study in English Economic History, by Charles McLean Andrews (1892)." ESt 18 (1893), 101-104.

Lindner, F[elix]. "Rev. of Chaucer und der Rosenroman. Eine litteraturgeschichtliche Studie, by Max Kaluza (1893)." ESt 18 (1893), 104-105.

Kaluza, Max. "Rev. of The Romaunt of the Rose from the Unique Glasgow Ms., Parallel with its Original, Le Roman de la Rose, ed. by Max Kaluza (1891)." ESt 18 (1893), 106-11.
A "Selbstanzeige" requested by Kaluza to clarify some of the salient points in the relationship between the Glasgow Ms. und Thynne's print of Chaucer's Romaunt made in his edition.

Schipper, J[akob]. "Rev. of English Versification for the Use of Students, by James C. Parsons (1891)." ESt 18 (1893), 147-50.

Varnhagen, H[ermann]. "Zu einer Stelle von Longfellow's Tales of a Wayside Inn." ESt 18 (1893), 154-55.
Links lines from Longfellow's poem to Bevis of Hampton and The Tale of the Basyn.

Jellinek, M[ax]. H[ermann]. "Replik." ESt 18 (1893), 158-60.
Response to L. Fränkel's review of Jellinek's Die Sage von Hero und Leander in der Dichtung in ESt 17 (1892).

Fränkel, Ludwig. "Duplik." ESt 18 (1893), 160-62.
Response to M. H. Jellinek's preceding critique.

Kaluza, M[ax]. "Thomas Chestre, Verfasser des Launfal, Libeaus Desconus und Octavian." ESt 18 (1893), 165-90.
Detailed comparison of Launfal, Libeaus Desconus, and Octavian to prove they were written by the same author, Thomas Chestre.

Ellinger, J. "Rev. of Historical Outlines of English Syntax, by Leon Kellner (1892)." ESt 18 (1893), 220-23.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of An Anglo-Saxon Reader, ed. by James W. Bright (1892)." ESt 18 (1893), 224-25.

Kaluza, Max. "Rev. of Zur Geschichte des kurzen Reimpaars im Mittelenglischen (Harrowing of Hell, Cursor Mundi, Chaucer's House of Fame), by Charles Langley Crow (1892)." ESt 18 (1893), 225-28.

Kaluza, Max. "Rev. of Ueber die Sprache einiger nördlicher Chaucerschüler, by Wilhelm Hagedorn (1892)." ESt 18 (1893), 228-30.

Hippe, M. "Rev. of Trentalle Sancti Gregorii. Eine mittelenglische Legende, ed. by Albert Kaufmann (1889); Das Sprichwort bei Chaucer. Zugleich ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Sprichwörterkunde, by Willi Haeckel (1890); and Boccaccio's Novelle vom Falken und ihrer Verbreitung in der Litteratur. Nebst Lope de Vega's Komödie: El halcon de Federico, by Rudolf Anschütz (1892)." ESt 18 (1893), 231-34.

Reichel, C. "Zur Textkritik der mittelenglischen Romanze Sir Fyrumbras." ESt 18 (1893), 270-82.
Critical notes on S. J. Herrtage's 1879 edition of the ME romance.

Kellner, Leon. "Syntaktische Bemerkungen zu Ipomadon." ESt 18 (1893), 282-92.
Adds some observations on the syntax of Ipomadon left out of Kölbing's 1889 edition of the romance.

Sprenger, R. "Lexikalische Bemerkungen." ESt 18 (1893), 302-303.
Several short lexicological observations regarding, among others, entries in W. W. Skeat's Etymological Dictionary and F. H. Stratmann's Middle English Dictionary.

Wetz, W. "H. A. Taine." ESt 18 (1893), 322-30.
Eulogy on Hippolite-Adolphe Taine (1828-1893), whom Wetz calls "France's greatest academic writer" (p. 322) and who is known to medievalists principally through his Histoire de la littérature anglaise (1863-1864), which had the goal to find in the history of a national literature a psychological portrait of that nation.

Hulme, W. H. "Blooms' von König Alfred." ESt 18 (1893), 331-56.
Publishes an OE translation of St. Augustine's Flores soliloquorum from British Museum, Ms. Cotton Vitellisu A 15 fol. 1-56b.

Sternberg R. "Ueber eine versificierte mittelenglische Chronik. (Ritson, Anc. Engl. Metrical Romances, Vol. II, p. 270 ff.)." ESt 18 (1893), 356-408.
Continues the discussion begun in earlier in the same volume (pp. 1-23).

Glöde, Otto. "Rev. of The Gospel of Saint Like in Anglo-Saxon, ed. by James W. Bright (1893)." ESt 18 (1893), 452-54.

Maurer, Konrad. "Rev. of Consiliatio Cnuti; eine Übertragung angelsächsischer Gesetze aus dem zwölften Jahrhundert, by F. Liebermann (1893)." ESt 18 (1893), 454-57.

Glöde, O[tto]. "Rev. of Die Sprache der Rushworth Glossen zum Evangelium Matthäus und der mercische Dialekt (I. Vokale), by Edward Miles Brown (1891); and The Language of the Rushworth Gloss to the Gospel of Matthew and the Mercian Dialect. (Part II. The Vowels of other Syllables than Stem-Syllables; Consonants; Inflection), by Edward Miles Brown (1892)." ESt 18 (1893), 458-60.

Kaluza, Max. "Rev. of Zur Verbal- und Nominalflexion by Robert Burns, by Odwart Hahn (1887); and Zur Verbal- und Nominalflexion bei den schottischen Dichtern (John Barbour – Robert Burns), by Odwart Hahn (1888)." ESt 18 (1893), 464-65.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Geschichte der englischen Litteratur von ihren Anfängen bis auf die Gegenwart. Mit einem Anhange: Die amerikanische Litteratur. Ein Hilfsbuch für Schulen und zum Privatgebrauch, by Adolf Mager (1893)." ESt 18 (1893), 470-71.

Ellinger, J. "Rev. of Chronological Chart of English Literature, by Jos. Alex. Donner (1890)." ESt 18 (1893), 471-72.

Volume 19 (1894)

Reichel, Georg. "Studien zu der schottischen Romanze: The History of Sir Eger, Sir Grime and Sir Gray-Steel." ESt 19 (1894), 1-66.
Comprehensive study (manuscript filiation, extensive textual commentary, glossary) of the romance, The History of Sir Eger, Sir Grahame, and Sir Gray-Steel.

Wülfing, J. E. "Rev. of Der syntaktische Gebrauch des Verbums in dem angelsächsischen Gedichte vom heiligen Guthlac, by Max Furkert (1889); Untersuchungen über die Syntax in dem angelsächsischen Gedicht vom heiligen Andreas, by H. Adolf Reussner (1889); Der syntaktische Gebrauch des Verbums in dem Cædmon beigelegten angelsächsischen Gedicht von der Genesis, by Hermann Seyfahrt (1891); Der syntaktische Gebrauch des Verbums in dem angelsächsischen Gedichte "Crist", by Bruno Hertel (1891); Untersuchung über den syntaktischen Gebrauch des Verbums in dem angelsächsischen Gedicht vom Phœnix, by Johannes Planer (1891); and Der syntaktische Gebrauch des Verbums in dem angelsächsischen Gedichte von der Judith, by August Müller (1892)." ESt 19 (1894), 116-19.

Wülfing, J. E. "Rev. of Der syntaktische Gebrauch des Genitivs in Ælfred's Orosius, by Alwin Lehmann (1891)." ESt 19 (1894), 119-21.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of The Life of St. Cuthbert in English Verse, c A. D. 1450. From the Original Ms. in the Library at Castle Howard (1891)." ESt 19 (1894), 121-25.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Englische Philologie [Sonderdruck aus dem Werke: Die Deutschen Universitäten, ed. by W. Lexis], ed. by Alois Brandl (1893)." ESt 19 (1894), 143-44.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Wege und Ziele der englischen Philologie. Rede, gehalten bei seinem Amtsantritt als Professor an der Reichsuniversität zu Groningen, am 13. Mai 1893, bei Karl D. Bülbring (1893)." ESt 19 (1894), 144-45.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Textkritische Bemerkungen." ESt 19 (1894), 146-54.
Textual emendations and commentary on F. Holthausen's remarks on Havelok (Anglia 15, 1893) and two versions of the Signa anti judicium ed. by H. Varnhagen (Anglia 3, 1879).

Kittredge, George Lyman. "The Hermit and the Outlaw." ESt 19 (1894), 177-82.
Response to M. Kaluza's edition of The Eremyte and the Outelawe in ESt 14 (1890). Kittredge identifies two religious tales, one represented by a version by Jacques de Vitry, the second one, "The Easy Penance," represented by Étienne de Bourbon.

Glöde, O. "Die englische Interpunktionslehre." ESt 19 (1894), 206-45.
Diachronic study of English punctuation.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Grundriss der Geschichte der englischen Litteratur von ihren Anfängen bis zur Gegenwart, by G[ustav] Körting ( 1893)." ESt 19 (1894), 246-52.

Nader, E. "Rev. of Englische Philologie. Anleitung zum wissenschaftlichen Studium der englischen Sprache, by Johan Storm (1892)." ESt 19 (1894), 251-57.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of Beowulf, an Anglo-Saxon Epic Poem, trans. by Lesslie Hall (1893)." ESt 19 (1894), 257-60.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of Cynewulf's Christ. An Eighth Century English Epic, ed. by Israel Gollancz (1892)." ESt 19 (1894), 260-61.

Kellner, L[eon]. "Rev. of The Romance of Sir Beues of Hamtoun. Edited from Six manuscripts and the Old Printed Copy, ed. by Eugen Kölbing (1886)." ESt (1894), 261-68.

Kaluza, Max. "Rev. of Tundale. Das mittelenglische Gedicht über die Version des Tundalus auf Grund von vier Handschriften, ed. by Albrecht Wagner (1893)." ESt 19 (1894), 268-72.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Systematisches Verzeichnis der Programmabhandlungen, Dissertationen und Habilitationsschriften aus dem Gebiete der romanischen und englischen Philologie sowie der allgemeinen Sprach- und Litteraturwissenschaft und der Pädagogik und Methodik, by Hermann Varnhagen and Johannes Martin (1893)." ESt 19 (1894), 295-97.

Brandl, A[lois]. "Zu Engl. Stud. Bd. XVIII p. 264." ESt 19 (1894), 319.
Disputes the low academic recognition claimed by M. Kaluza about O. Hahn's work on the Scottish grammar.

K[ölbing], E[ugen]. "Antwort der Redaktion." ESt 19 (1894), 319-20.
Critical response to the preceding note by Brandl.

Pogatscher, A[lois]. "Angelsachsen und Romanen." ESt 19 (1894), 329-52.
Critical response to J. Loth, Les mots latins dans les langues brittoniques (gallois, armoricain, cornique); phonétique et commentaire avec une introduction sur la romanisation de l'île de Bretagne (1892), who claimed that the invading Anglo-Saxons were not exposed to Latin vocabulary upon their arrivel in the British Isles.

Wülfing, J. E. "Rev. of The Conditional Sentence in Anglo-Saxon, by Frank Jewett Mather (1893)." ESt 19 (1894), 406-408.

Wülfing, J. E. "Rev. of Beiträge zur Geschichte der analytischen Kasus im Frühmittelenglischen, by Wilhelm Draugelattes (1893)." ESt 19 (1894), 408-409.

Wülfing, J. E. "Rev. of Ueber den Gebrauch der Praepositionen in der altschottischen Poesie, by John William Bearder (1894)." ESt 19 (1894), 410-12.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of Beówulf, ältestes deutsches Heldengedicht, trans. by P. Hoffmann (1893)." ESt 19 (1894), 412-15.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of Ueber die angelsächsischen Versus Gnomici, by Hugo Müller (1893)." ESt 19 (1894), 415-20.

Fränkel, Ludwig. "Rev. of Percy's Reliques of Ancient English Poetry. Nach der ersten Ausgabe von 1765 mit den Varianten der späteren Originalausgaben, ed. by M. M. Arnold Schröer (2 vols., 1889;1893)." ESt 19 (1894), 423-28.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Die Alliteration in Sir Beues of Hamtoun (Auchinleck-MS.)." ESt 19 (1894), 441-53.
Investigates and lists examples of various kinds of alliteration in the Ms. Auchinleck version of Sir Beues of Hamtoun.

Gassner, Heinrich. "The Cobler of Caunterburie." ESt 19 (1894), 453-55.
Describes and discusses a relatively unknown edition of the Cobler of Caunterburie by Frederic Ouvry (1862).

Sprenger, R. "Kleine Bemerkungen." ESt 19 (1894), 461-69.
Various short notes on, among others, textual passages from Percy's Reliques, Pope's translation of Chaucer's "Wife of Bath's Tale," and Dryden's translation of "The Wife of Bath her Tale."

K[ölbing], [Eugen]. "Zur angelsächsischen Genesis." ESt 19 (1894), 469.
Relates that a new fragment of the OE Genesis found by K. Zangemeister at the Vatican Libraries proves that the OE text is a literal translation of an OS original.

Volume 20 (1895)

Kellner, L[eon]. "Abwechslung und Tautologie: Zwei Eigenthümlichkeiten des alt- und mittelenglischen Stils." ESt 20 (1895), 1-24.
Investigates the principles of variation and (grammatical & phraseological) tautology in OE and ME texts.

Hippe, Max. "Rev. of Tractatus de diversis histories Romanorum et quibusdam aliis. Verfasst in Bologna in Jahre 1326, ed. by Salomon Herzstein (1893); and The Pleasant Comodie of Patient Grissill. Von Henry Chettle, Thomas Dekker und William Haughton. Nach dem Drucke von 1603, ed. by Gottlieb Hübsch (1893); " ESt 20 (1895), 105-108.

Hippe, Max. "Rev. of Shakespeare und das Tagelied. Ein Beitrag zur vergleichenden Litteraturgeschichte der germanischen Völker, by Ludwig Fränkel (1893)." ESt 20 (1895), 108-110.

Fränkel, Ludwig. "Rev. of Die Erzählung vom Einsiedler und dem Engel in ihrer geschichtlichen Entwicklung. Ein Beitrag zur Exempel-Litteratur, by Otto Rohde (1894)." ESt 20 (1895), 110-116.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of Teutonic Antiquities in the Anglosaxon Genesis, by C. C. Ferrel (1893)." ESt 20 (1895), 116-20.

Maurer, K. "Rev. of Ueber die Leges Anglorum saeculo 13. ineunte Londoniis collectae, ed. by F. Liebermann (1894)." ESt 20 (1895), 120-28.

Lindström, P. E. "Zur Etymologie von Preost (Engl. stud. XVI, 154 ff.)." ESt 20 (1895), 147-48.
Response on H. Varnhagen's note (ESt 16, 1892) on the etymology of OE preost.

Pogatscher, A[lois]. "Altengl. Bredweall." ESt 20 (1895), 148.
Explains the meaning of OE bredweall as "wall made of wood".

Swaen, A. E. H. "O.E. Seppan." ESt 20 (1895), 148-49.
On the use of OE seppan in Cynewulf's Elene.

Bülbring, Karl D. "Zur mittelenglischen Grammatik." ESt 20 (1985), 149-54.
On the development of long OE vowels before lengthening consonant groups, for example nd, in the Chronicle of Robert of Gloucester.

Koeppel, Emil. "Kleine Beiträge zur englischen Litteraturgeschichte." ESt 20 (1895), 154-60.
Includes notes on Chaucer's possible knowledge and use of the Italian poem, "La Intelligenza" for his Anelida and Arcite, and on the influence of John Gower's ballads on Chaucer's Parliament of Fowls, Book of the Duchess, and Troilus and Criseyde.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Alt- und Neuenglisch auf den deutschen Universitäten." ESt 20 (1895), 177-78.
Provides statistical proof that pre-sixteenth-century studies do not dominate academic teaching at the German universities between 1882 and 1892.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Beiträge zur Erklärung und Textkritik der York Plays." ESt 20 (1895), 179-220.
Provides a number of emendations and commentary on various passages in L. Toulmin Smith's 1885 edition of the York Plays.

Swaen, A. E. H. "To Dare." ESt 20 (1895), 266-92.
A diachronic investigation into the use of to dare.

Martin, E. "Rev. of Studien zum altgermanischen Allitterationsvers. I. Der Altenglische Vers. I. Theil: Kritik der bisherigen Theorien. II. Die Metrik des Beowulfliedes, by Max Kaluza (1894)." ESt 20 (1895), 293-96.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Beowulf, ed. with Textual Footnoes, Index of Proper Names and Aphabetical Glossary, ed. by A J. Wyatt (1894)." ESt 20 (1895), 296.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of The Authorship of the West Saxon Gospels, by Allison Drake (1894)." ESt 20 (1895), 297.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Englische Etymologien." ESt 20 (1895), 333-35.
A note on the etymology of OE orceard, sóna, streawberie, crince, undern, syll, heofon, hæfern, glædmon, myderce, cleofa, and tapor.

Wülfing, J. E[rnst]. "Zu Alfred's Soliloquien." ESt 20 (1895), 335-38.
Adds examples to those in F. G. Hubbard's essay, "The Relation of the 'Blooms of King Alfred' to the Anglo-Saxon Translation of Boethius" (Modern Language Notes 9, 1894), to prove that both the soliloquies and the Boethius translation were produced by the same author, King Alfred.

Kaluza, Max. "Zur Verfasserfrage des Romaunt of the Rose." ESt 20 (1895), 338-40.
Discusses the disputed authorship of Chaucer's Romaunt of the Rose and defends W. W. Skeat against attacks (in the Manchester Guardian) for not having used T. R. Lounsburry's remarks on the Romaunt (Studies in Chaucer) for his six-volume edition of Chaucer.

Bowen, Edwin W. "Confusion between o-? and o- in Chaucer's Rimes." ESt 20 (1895), 341-45.
A compilation of cases in which Chaucer does not distinguish between ME open and closed /o/.

Richter, G. "Beiträge zur Erklärung und Textkritik des mittelenglischen Prosaromans von Merlin. Erste Hälfte." ESt 20 (1895), 346-77.
Extensive commentary on and emendations to H. B. Wheatley's 1877 Merlin or the Early History of King Arthour, a Prose Romance.

Luick, K. "Rev. of History of the English Language, by T. R. Lounsbury (1894)." ESt 20 (1895), 411-14.

Kellner, L[eon]. "Rev. of Die Syntax in the Werken Alfred's des Gorssen. Erster Theil. Hauptwort – Artikel – Eigenschaftswort – Zahlwort – Fürwort, by J. Ernst Wülfing (1894)." ESt 20 (1895), 414-17.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of Beówulf: An Anglo-Saxon Poem. II. The Fight at Finnsburgh: A Fragment. With Text and Glossary on the Basis of M. Heyne, ed. by James A. Harrison and Robert Sharp (1894)." ESt 20 (1895), 417-18.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of The Poems of William Dunbar, ed. by J. Schipper (1894)." ESt. 20 (1895), 439-48.

Swaen, A. E. H. "Grammatische Tautologie." ESt 20 (1895), 458-59.
Adds examples of "grammatical tautology" to L. Kellner's essay in the first issue of ESt 20 (1895).

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Altenglisch, Neuenglisch und die wissenschaftliche Arbeit deutscher Universitätslehrer." ESt 20 (1895), 459-62.
Response to W. V.'s (Die Neueren Sprachen, 2, 1895) attempt to demonstrate that German professors of English concentrate too much in their teaching on the pre-Shakespearen periods.

Sommer, Oskar H. "The Rev. Richard Morris, L.L.D., M.A." ESt 20 (1895), 462-66.
Eulogy on Morris (1833-1894), one of the most active editors for the EETS, who collaborated with many of the German medieval scholars.

Volume 21 (1895)

Graz, Friedrich. "Beiträge zur Textkritik der sogenannten Cädmon'schen Dichtungen (I)." ESt 21 (1895), 1-27.
Discussions supplementing Graz's 1894 study on the meter of Cædmon's poetry (Die Metrik der sog. Cädmon'schen Dichtungen).

Ellinger, J. "Rev. of Progress in Language with Special Reference to English, by Otto Jespersen (1894)." ESt 21 (1895), 99-101.

Nader, E. "Rev. of Kurzgefasste altwestsächsische Grammatik. 2nd Edition, by P. J. Cosijn (1893)." ESt 21 (1895), 101-103.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of A Concise Anglo-Saxon Dictionary for the Use of Students, by John R. Clark Hall (1894)." ESt 21 (1895), 103-106.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of Bibliothek der angelsächsischen Poesie, vols. II first half (1888); vol. II second half (1894), ed. by Richard Paul Wülker." ESt 21 (1895), 106-15.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Der spätangelsächsische Sermo in festis Sae Mariae virginis mit Rücksicht auf das Altenglische sprachlich dargestellt, by H. A. Vance (1894)." ESt 21 (1895), 116.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Die Sprache der altenglischen Bearbeitung der Soliloquien Augustin's, by W. H. Hulme (1894)." ESt 21 (1895), 116-17.

Glöde, O. "Zur Geschichte der englischen Interpunction." ESt 21 (1895), 141-45.
An extended review of The History of the English Paragraph, by Edwin Herbert Lewis (1894).

K[ölbing], E[ugen]. "Textkritische Bemerkungen zu William von Schorham." ESt 21 (1895), 154-62.
Emendations to Thomas Wright's 1849 edition (William de Shoreham's Religious Poems) of the poem, "In holy sauter me may rede."

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Kleine Beiträge zur Erklärung und Textkritik vor-shakespearscher Dramen." ESt 21 (1895), 162-76.
Commentary and emendations to texts published in A. W. Pollard's English Miracle Plays, Moralities and Interludes (1890).

Fränkel, Ludwig. "Nochmals zur Legende von Einsiedler und Engel." ESt 21 (1895), 186-88.
Additional critical commentary on O. Rohde's Die Erzählung vom Einsiedler und dem Engel in ihrer geschichtlichen Entwicklung, which Fränkel had already reviewed in ESt 20 (1895).

Wülfing, J. E. "Croud = Krächzen." ESt 21 (1895), 188-89.
On the use of ME croud as an onomatopoetic verb meaning "to croak, to crow, to creak."

Gnerlich, R. "Zur Abstammung des Wortes Pedigree." ESt 21 (1895), 189-91.
Note on the etymology of pedigree.

Ellinger, J. "Zu dem Gebrauche des Infinitivs nach to dare." ESt 21 (1895), 195-97.
Response to A. E. H. Swaen's essay on to dare in ESt 20 (1895).

Hall, Joseph. "Short Pieces from Ms. Cotton Galba E. IX." ESt 21 (1895), 201-209.
Prints three ME poems from Ms. Cotton Galba E. IX: "In imagine pertransit homo;" "Incipit narracio de domino denario;" and "Popule meus, quit feci tibi," together with short textual commentary.

De Jong, R. R. "On Me. Rhymes in End(e) and Ent(e)." ESt 21 (1895), 321-25.
Tests K. Bülbring's thesis ("Zur mittelenglischen Grammatik," ESt 20, 1895) about the remarkable regularity with which the rhyme words in end(e) and (ente) are kept apart in Robert of Gloucester's Chronicle. Finds that only very few other ME texts display the same regularity: Bevis of Hampton, Sir Otuel, The Sowdoune of Babylone.

Belleza, P. "Langland's Figur des Plowman in der neuesten englischen Litteratur." ESt 21 (1895), 325-26.
Cites sections from Macaulay, Speeches, and Tennyson, Locksley Hall Sixty Years After, to demonstrate the popularity of the medieval Plowman figure as a kind of sansculotte.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Byron und Chaucer." ESt 21 (1895), 331-32.
Surveys earlier hints at Byron's knowledge of Chaucer and mentions three passages ("General Prologue," 124-26 and 398-99; House of Fame, 656-60) as possible sources for sections in Don Juan, Ode to Venice, and Manfred.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Ne. Proud-Pride." ESt 21 (1895), 334-35.
On ModE proud and pride as deriving from OF prouesse.

Kühn, K. "Erwiderung." ESt 21 (1895), 336.
Response to E. Kölbing's critical mention of Kühn's essay in his "Altenglisch, Neuenglisch und die wissenschaftliche Arbeit deutscher Universitätslehrer," ESt 20, 1895).

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Schlusswort." ESt 21 (1895), 336.
Response to the preceding critique by K. Kühn.

K[ölbing], E[ugen]. "Julius Zupitza †." ESt 21 (1895), 336.
Death notice of Zupitza (1844-1895), one of the first chairs specializing exclusively on the teaching of English philology in Germany and Austria.

Kaluza, M[ax]. "Die Schwellverse in der altenglischen Dichtung." ESt 21 (1895), 337-84.
Discusses the hypermetric verse in OE poetry.

Sarrazin, G. "Der Name Ophelia." ESt 21 (1895), 443-46.
On the origin and use of the name Ophelia.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Zeugnisse der germanischen Sage in England." ESt 21 (1895), 446-48.
Response to G. Binz's work on the traces of Germanic heroic poetry in England as found in proper names.

Skeat W[alter] W. "Zur Abstammung des Wortes Pedigree (Aus einem Briefe an R. Gnerlich)." ESt 21 (1895), 448.
Critical response to R. Gnerlich's "Zur Abstammung des Wortes Pedigree" in ESt 21 (1895).

Holthausen, F[erdinand]. "Zu Everyman." ESt 21 (1895), 449.
Response to E. Kölbing's remarks on A. W. Pollard's edition of Everyman in ESt 21 (1895), p. 170ff. A response by Kölbing follows Holthausen's remarks immediately and without title (449-450.).

Lindner, F[elix]. "Zu Englische Studien XXI, p. 186." ESt 21 (1895), 450.
Critical response to L. Fränkel's critique ("Nochmals zur Legende von Einsiedler und Engel." ESt 21 (1895)), of O. Rohde's Die Erzählung vom Einsiedler und dem Engel in ihrer geschichtlichen Entwicklung. Lindner appears to have been Rohde's thesis advisor.

Fränkel, Ludwig. "Erwiderung." ESt 21 (1895), 450-51.
Response against F. Lindner. Both texts are framed by the title, "Ein letztes Mal zur Legende von Einsiedler und Engel" and a note by the editor, decreeing an end to the discusson.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Julius Zupitza. Ein Beitrag zur Geschichte der englischen Philologie in Deutschland." ESt 21 (1895), 452-71.
Eulogy (and list of publications) on Zupitza (1844-1895), one of the founding fathers of English philology (taught at Vienna and Berlin). Kölbing jumps at the chance to paint Zupitza's biography before the background of the history of the young discipline of English (medieval) studies.

Volume 22 (1896)

Maurer, K. "Rev. of Ueber Pseudo-Cnut's Constitutiones de Foresta, by F. Liebermann (1894); and The Text of Henry I's Coronation Charter (Transactions of the Royal Historical Society) (1895)." ESt 22 (1896), 57-66.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of The Legal Code of Aelfred the Great, ed. by Milton Haight Turk (1893)." ESt 22 (1896), 66-72.

Ellinger, J. "Rev. of The History of the English Language, by Oliver Farrar Emerson (1894)." ESt 22 (1896), 72-73.

Nader, E. "Rev. of Abriss der angelsächsischen Grammatik, by Eduard Sievers (1895)." ESt 22 (1896), 73-74.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Die Metrik der sog. Cädmon'schen Dichtung mit Berücksichtigung der Verfasserfrage, by Fr. Graz (1894)." ESt 22 (1896), 74-75.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Zur Entwicklung der historischen Dichtung bei den Angelsachsen, by Dan. Abegg (1894)." ESt 22 (1896), 76.

Hippe, M. "Rev. of Studio comparativo sui proverbi inglesi, by Paolo Belleza (1893)." ESt 22 (1896), 76-77.

Kaluza, Max. "Rev. of Die Versicherungen bei Chaucer, by Hugo Lange (1892)." ESt 22 (1896), 77-79.

Kellner, L[eon]. "Rev. of The Inflections ande Syntax of the Morte D'Arthur of Sir Thomas Malory. A Study in Fifteenth-Century English, by Charles Sears Baldwin (1894)." ESt 22 (1896), 79-81.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of History of the English Language and Literature from the Earliest Times Until the Present Day, including American Literature, 3rd edition, by F. J. Bierbaum (1895); and Grundzüge der englischen Litteratur- und Sprachgeschichte. Mit Anmerkungen zum übersetzen ins Englische, 3rd edition, by H. Breitinger (1896)." ESt 22 (1896), 123-26.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Eine bisher unbekannte Me. Version von Pauli Höllenfahrt." ESt 22 (1896), 134-39.
Prints and critically annotates a version of the Visio S. Pauli from British Museum Ms. Addit. 10036.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Der Beowulf und die Hrolfs Saga Kraka." ESt 22 (1896), 144-45.
Discusses the parallels between Beowulf and the ON Hrolfsaga.

Thurneysen, R[udolf]. "Wann sind die Germanen nach England gekommen." ESt 22 (1896), 163-79.
Discusses the possible dates/periods of the arrival of Germanic tribes in England.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Das französische Element im Orrmulum." ESt 22 (1896), 179-82.
Demonstrates, against B. Ten Brink and R. Morris, the presence of French loan words in Orrmulum.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Rev. of Altsächsische Sprachdenkmäler, by J. H. Gallée (1895)." ESt 22 (1896), 262-64.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of The History of Early English Literature. Being the History of English Poetry from its Beginnings to the Accession of King Aelfred, by Brooke A. Stopford (1892)." ESt 22 (1896), 264-70.

Kaluza, Max. "Rev. of The Complete Works of Geoffrey Chaucer, ed. by Walter W. Skeat (1894); and The Student's Chaucer. Being a Complete Edition of His Works, ed. by Walter W. Skeat (1895)." ESt 22 (1896), 271-88.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Introduzione allo studio dei fonti Italiani di G. Chaucer e primi appunti sullo studio delle letterature straniere in generale, by Paolo Belleza (1895)." ESt 22 (1896), 288.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of English Miracle Plays, Moralities and Interludes, 2nd edition, ed. by Alfred W. Pollard (1895)." ESt 22 (1896), 288-89.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Die Arthursage in der englischen Litteratur, by Richard Wülker (1896)." ESt 22 (1896), 299-303.

Jiriczek, O[tto]. "Rev. of Lehrbuch des Altisländischen. I. Altisländisches Elementarbuch, by Ferdinand Holthausen (1895)." ESt 22 (1896), 319-21.

Ellinger, J. "Rev. of Die Gründe des Bedeutungswandels. Ein semasiologischer Versuch, by Karl Schmidt (1894)." ESt 22 (1896), 321-22.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zum Beowulf." ESt 22 (1896), 325.
Textual note on Beowulf, vv. 1028-1029.

Sarrazin, G. "Zur Etymologie von Gossip, Godfather, Godson, u.s.w." ESt 22 (1896), 329.
Champions the etymology of gossip, etc., as deriving from gôd spell, not godspell.

Sarrazin, G. "Der Ursprung von Ne. She." ESt 22 (1896), 330-31.
On the origins of the ModE pronoun she.

Sarrazin, G. "Noch einmal Thomas Chestre." ESt 22 (1896), 331-32.
Additional support for Sarrazin's opinion (expressed in his edition of Octavian) that the author of Octavian is also the author of Launfal and Lybaeus Desconus.

Luick, K[arl]. "Zu den altenglischen Schwellversen. Eine thatsächliche Berichtigung." ESt 22 (1896), 332.
Critical response to M. Kaluza's "Die Schwellverse in der altenglischen Dichtung." ESt 21 (1895) on hypermetric verse in OE poetry.

Kaluza, M[ax]. "Erwiderung." ESt 22 (1896), 332-34.
Response to the preceding note by Luik.

Treichel, A. "Sir Cleges. Eine mittelenglische Romanze." ESt 22 (1896), 345-88.
Extensive critical discussion and textual collation of both versions of the ME romance, Cleges.

Horst, K. "Die Reste der Handschrift G der altenglischen Annalen." ESt 22 (1896), 447-50.
Publishes the remnants of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle in British Museum Ms. Cotton Otho B XI.

Volume 23 (1897)

Bülbring, K[arl] D. "Zu den Handschriften von Richard Rolle's Pricke of Conscience." ESt 23 (1897), 1-30.
Critical discussion and comparison of all available manuscripts of the Pricke of Conscience.

Schnabel, Br. "Ossian in der schönen Litteratur England's bis 1832. Mit Ausschluss der sogenannten 'Englischen Romantiker'." ESt 23 (1897), 31-70.
Detailed examination of the influence on English literature of Macpherson's "medieval" Ossian.

Maurer, K. "Rev. of Eine anglonormannische Übersetzung des 12. Jahrhunderts von Articuli Wilhelemi, Leges Eadwardi und Genealogia Normannorum, by F. Liebermann (1895); and Ueber die Leges Edwardi Confessoris, by F. Liebermann (1896)." ESt 23 (1897), 74-78.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of The Anglo-Saxon Version of the Book of Psalmes Commonly Known as the Paris Psalter, by J. Douglas Bruce (1894)." ESt 23 (1897), 78-85.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Huchown's Pistel of Swete Susan, ed. by Hans Köster (1895)." ESt 23 (1897), 85-95.

Nader, E. "Rev. of An Outline of Anglo-Saxon Grammar, by James W. Bright (1895)." ESt 23 (1897), 156-57.

Bülbring, K[arl] D. "Rev. of An Historical Study of the o-Vowel in Accented Syllables in English, by Edwin W. Bowen (1895)." ESt 23 (1897), 157.

Schöer, A[rnold]. "Rev. of A New English Dictionary on Historical Principles, ed. by James A. H. Murray (Vols. II, III, IV (1893-1895))." ESt 23 (1897), 171-83.

Luick, K[arl]. "Erwiderung zu ESt XXII, 332 ff.)." ESt 23 (1897), 218-19.
Critical response against M. Kaluza's "Erwiderung" in ESt 22 (1896).

Kaluza, M[ax]. "Antwort." ESt 23 (1897), 219.
Response to the preceding "Erwiderung" by K. Luick. These two notes are followed by an editorial note decreeing an end to both scholars' discussion.

Sarrazin, G. "Neue Beowulf-Studien." ESt 23 (1897), 220-67.
Defends his thesis (against J. M. Kemble, K. Müllenhoff, H. Möller, and B. Ten Brink) that 1) Beowulf is an OE epic based on an OS legend and that 2) he can situate the Danish location which the poem refers to. He also claims that the final version of the Beowulf epic by Cynewulf shows ample parallels with the OE Andreas legend, parallels which convince him that both texts were produced by the same poet.

Nader, E. "Rev. of Englische Philologie, 2nd edition, by J. Storm (1896)." ESt 23 (1897), 293-95.

Wilke, W. "Rev. of Grundriss der englischen Metrik, by J[akob] Schipper (1895)." ESt 23 (1897), 295-99.

Swaen, A. E. H. "Rev. of Historical Outlines of English Accidence Comprising Chapters on the History and Development of the Language, and of Word-Formation (revised by L. Kellner, with the assistance of H. Bradley), by R[ichard] Morris (1895)." ESt 23 (1897), 299-304.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Geschichte der englischen Litteratur von den ältesten Zeiten bis zur Gegenwart, by R[ichard] Wülker (1896)." ESt 23 (1897), 304-11.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of Anecdota Oxoniensia. Texts, Documents, and Extracts Chiefly from Manuscripts in the Bodleian and other Oxford Libraries, ed. by A. S. Napier and W. H. Stephenson (1895)." ESt 23 (1897), 315-18.

Belleza, P[aolo]. "Chaucer s'e trovato col Petrarca." ESt 23 (1897), 335-36.
Critical response to J. J. Jusserand's essay, "Did Chaucer meet Petrarch?," in the June, 1896, issue of the journal Nineteenth Century, in which the French scholar asserted more than the possibility of a meeting between Chaucer and Petrarch.

Kaluza, Max. "Der Reim Love : Behove, Rom of the Rose v. 1091f." ESt 23 (1897), 336-38.
Critical response to K. Luick's assertion, in Untersuchungen zur englischen Lautgeschichte (1896), pp. 268f., on vv. 1091f. in the Romaunt of the Rose, that the typically Northern English rhyme love : behove speaks against Chaucer as author of the Romaunt.

Lessmann, H. "Studien zu dem mittelenglischen Life of St. Cuthbert." ESt 23 (1897), 344-65.
Detailed textual commentary on The Life of St. Cuthbert as published by J. T. Fowler (1891).

Schnabel, Br. "Ossian in der schönen Litteratur Englands bis 1832." ESt 23 (1897), 366-401.
Second and final part of Schnabel's investigation on the influence of MacPherson's "medieval" Ossian on English literature, this time the English Romantic poets. The first part was published in ESt 23 (1897), 31-70.

Förster, M. "Zu Adrian und Ritheus." ESt 23 (1897), 431-36.
Discusses the OE dialogue Adrian and Ritheus and proposes emendations to J. Kemble's 1848 edition for the Ælfric Society.

Bradley, H. "Thomas Usk and the Testament of Love." ESt 23 (1897), 437-38.
Discusses the "outrageous dislocations" of book III of the "pseudo-Chaucerian" Testament of Love in F. Thynne's 1532 Chaucer edition, produced by the "accidental disarrangement" of the leaves of the manuscript.

Furnivall, F. J. "Three Middle English Poems." ESt 23 (1897), 438-45.
Prints three ME manuscripts: "An Early 15th Century English Poem on the State of Flanders" (Digby Ms, 102, leaves 115-16); "The Wise Man's Proverbs" (Bodley Ms. 9, lef. 99 [14th century]; and "Inter diabolus et virgo" (Rawlinson Ms. 328, lf. 174 bk [15th century]).

Schnabel, Br. "William Morris †." ESt 23 (1897), 457-60.
Eulogy on Morris (1834-1896), who looked to the Middle Ages for inspiration in much of his work. He translated Beowulf and a number of Icelandic sagas, dedicated his frame tale, The Earthly Paradise (1868-1870) to Geoffrey Chaucer, and demonstrated his socialist leanings in A Dream of John Ball (1886).

Volume 24 (1898)

Horst, K. "Beiträge zur Kenntniss der altenglischen Annalen." ESt 24 (1898), 1-16.
On the manuscript history of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle.

Swaen, A. E. H. "Figures of Imprecation." ESt 24 (1898), 16-71.
A diachronic investigation of oaths and asseverations in Old Dutch and early English drama.

Kluge, F[riedrich]. "Rev. of Die northumbrischen Runensteine. Beiträge zur Textkritik, Grammatik und Glossar, by Wilhelm Vietor (1895)." ESt 24 (1898), 83-84.

Kaluza, M[ax]. "Rev. of The Authorship of the Kingis Quair. A New Criticism, by J. T. T. Brown (1896)." ESt 24 (1898), 84-100.

Lidell, M. "Rev. of Neuenglisches Lesebuch. Zur Einführung in das Studium der Denkmäler selbst nach den Handschriften und ältesten Drucken. I. Band. Die Zeit Heinrich's VIII, by E[wald] Flügel (1895)." ESt 24 (1898), 100-108.

Türkheim, L. "Rev. of A Student's Pastime: Being a Select Series of Articles Reprinted from 'Notes and Queries', by Walter W. Skeat (1896)." ESt 24 (1898), 123-28.

Sarrazin, G. "Rolf Krake und sein Vetter im Beowulfliede." ESt 24 (1898), 144-45.
Further evidence to show the parallels between the characters's names in Beowulf and the ON sagas. See also: F. Kluge, "Der Beowulf und die Hrolfs Saga Kraka," ESt 22 (1896), 144-45.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zu Ywain and Gawain." ESt 24 (1898), 146-50.
Corrections to G. Schleich's 1887 edition of Ywain and Gawain.

Bright, James W. "Germanic Ablaut." ESt 24 (1898), 150.
Response to E. Nader's review of Bright's Outline of Anglo-Saxon Grammar in ESt 23 (1897), asking for an explanation of Nader's understanding of "front mutation."

Nader, E. "Erwide[r]ung." ESt 24 (1898), 150-51.
Refuses to spend time on the "allotriis" of describing his understanding of "front mutation," as requested by J. W. Bright in the preceding note.

Caro, G. "Die Varianten der Durhamer Hs. Und des Tiberius-Fragments der Ae. Prosa-Version der Benedictinerregel und ihr Verhältnis zu den übrigen Hss." ESt 24 (1898), 161-76.
Collates the versions of the Durham Ms. and Ms. Cotton Tiberius A 3 fol. 103 of the OE Regula S. Benedicti and discusses their relationship to the other extant manuscripts.

Lessmann, H. "Studien zu dem mittelenglischen Life of St. Cuthbert (II)."
Second part of Lessmann's study (first part published in ESt 23, 1897), discussing the grammatical features of the Life of St. Cuthbert (ed. by J. T. Fowler,1891).

Swaen, A. E. H. "Figures of Imprecation (Continuation)." ESt 24 (1898), 195-239.
Second part of Swaen's diachronic investigation of oaths and asseverations in Old Dutch and early English drama (first part published in ESt 24 (1898), 16-71).

Jantzen, H. "Rev. of La Lingua Gotica, esercizi, testi, vocabolario comparato con ispecial riguardo al Tedesco, inglese, latino e Greco, by S. Friedmann (1896)." ESt 24 (1898).

Binz, G[ustav]. "Rev. of The Student's Dictionary of Anglo-Saxon, by Henry Sweet (1897)." ESt 24 (1898), 266-70.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Untersuchungen zur englischen Lautgeschichte, by Karl Luick (1896)." ESt 24 (1898), 270-74.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Rev. of Place Names in the English Bede and the Localities of the Mss., by Th. Miller (1896)." ESt 24 (1898), 274-75.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Richard Rolle of Hampole, an English Father of the Church and his Followers, ed. by C. Horstmann (2 vols., 1865-1896)." ESt 24 (1898), 275-79.

Koeppel, E[mil]. "Rev. of Die Lyrik Lydgate's, by E[rnst] Gattinger (1896)." ESt 24 (1898), 280-97.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of Ueber das Leben und die Schriften Byrhtferds, eines angelsächsischen Gelehrten und Schriftstellers um das Jahr 1000, by K. M. Classen (1896)." ESt 24 (1898), 309-311.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Zwei Bemerkungen zu Chaucer's Canterbury Tales." EST 24 (1898), 341-42.
1) Reads ll. 396-98 of the "General Prologue" to the Canterbury Tales with W. Hertzberg, claiming that the Shipman secretly drank wine while on board a ship (instead of stealing wine by throwing it overboard; 2) presents a seventeenth-century analogue to ll. 258-60 of the "Squire's Tale."

Luick, K[arl]. "Der Reim Love : Behove im Rom. of the Rose." ESt 24 (1898), 342-43.
Disagrees with M. Kaluza ("Der Reim Love : Behove, Rom. of the Rose v. 1091f." ESt 23, 1897), on the authenticity of fragment A of Chaucer's Romaunt of the Rose because of the rhyme love : behove (ll. 1091-92); Luick had already put forward this argument in his Untersuchungen zur englischen Lautgeschichte (1896), p. 268-69.

Kaluza, M[ax]. "Erwiderung." ESt 24 (1898), 343-44.
Response to preceding note by K. Luick.

Förster, M. "Zu Engl. Stud. Bd. XXII, p. 433 f." ESt 24 (1898), 344.
Förster acknowledges that A. S. Napier (Anglia 11, 1888) had already printed the OE fragment of Adrian and Ritheus Förster published in ESt 23 (1897), 433f.

Franz, W. "Good-bye." ESt 24 (1898), 344-46.
On the origins of ModE "good-bye" as deriving not from "God be with you," but from "May God redeem you."

Bischoff, O[tto]. "Ueber zweisilbige Senkung und epische Zäsur bei Chaucer: I. Theil: Zweisilbige Senkung." ESt 24 (1898), 353-93.
Investigates the use of the anapaest in Chaucer's texts; the text was previously published as a U of Königsberg doctoral dissertation (1897) and (in part) as a book (Darmstadt: G. Otto) in 1897. The second part of the essay appeared in ESt 25 (1898).

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of J. Zupitza, Alt- und mittelenglisches Übungsbuch zum Gebrauche bei Universitätsvorlesungen und Seminarübungen mit einem Wörterbuche, 5th edition, revised by J[akob] Schipper (1897)." ESt 24 (1898), 434-36.

Wülfing, J. E[rnst]. "Nochmals Ae. sum mit dem Genitiv einer Grundzahl." ESt 24 (1898), 463.
Adds examples of OE sum together with the genitive of a cardinal number to Wülfing's "Ae. Sum mit dem Genitiv einer Grundzahl" published in ESt 17 (1892).

Robinson, [F. N.] "Celtic Versions of Sir Beues of Hamtoun." ESt 24 (1898), 463-64.
Clarifies the relationship between the Celtic versions of Sir Beues of Hamtoun in response to E. Kölbing's introduction to his 1886 edition, The Romance of Sir Beues of Hamtoun. Edited from Six manuscripts and the Old Printed Copy, p. xxxv. The author's initials erroneously read "J. N."

Ten Brink, Bernhard. "Zwei Stellen im Prolog der Canterbury Tales." ESt 24 (1898), 464-66.
A reply to J. Zupitza's critical assessment ("Verbesserungen und Erklärungen," Anglia 1, 1877) of several of Ten Brink's proposed emendations for the "General Prologue," especially on the meaning of recchelees vs. recetlees (l. 179); this paper was published posthumously from Ten Brink's personal notes.

Brenner, O[scar]. "Zu Engl. Stud. XXIV, p. 270 ff." ESt 24 (1898), 466-67.
Retracts some of his critical remarks on K. Luick's Untersuchungen zur englischen Lautgeschichte (1896) in ESt 24 (1898), pp. 270-74, as misunderstandings.

Volume 25 (1898)

Schade, A[rthur]. "Ueber das Verhältnis von Pope's January and May and The Wife of Bath, Her Prologue zu den entsprechenden Abschnitten von Chaucer's Canterbury Tales." ESt 25 (1898), 1-130.
Originally a 1897 Breslau doctoral dissertation; this first part of Schade's essay (the second part was published in ESt 26, 1899), a detailed and thorough comparison of Chaucer's "Merchant's Tale" and Pope's "translation," January and May, or the Merchants Tale. From Chaucer (1709), is a case study in the making of the Middle Ages by a postmedieval writer. Schade concludes that Pope did not translate but adapt his predecessor's texts: Pope concentrates more on May's adultery and neglects any of the more serious aspects of Chaucer's tale; his artistic intentions and his audience's horizon of expectation make him omit passages on sexuality, marriage, and the reasons for choosing a young wife, thus reducing both the humor and naivité of the source texts.

Horst, K. "Beiträge zur Kenntnis der altenglischen Annalen (Fortsetzung)." ESt 25 (1898), 195-218.
Continues his investigation of manuscript history of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle begun in ESt 24 (1898), 1-16.

Wülfing, J. E[rnst]. "Rev. of The Present and Past Periphrastic Tenses in Anglo-Saxon, by Constance Pessels (1896)." ESt 25 (1898), 259-68.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of Exercises in Old English. Based Upon the Prose Texts of the Author's "First Book in Old English," by Albert S. Cook (1895)." ESt 25 (1898), 268-70.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of Beówulf. Angelsaksisch Volksepos Vertaald in Stafrijm, trans. by L. Simons (1896)." ESt 25 (1898), 270-71.

Glöde, O. "Rev. of Beowulf. Angelsächsisches Heldengedicht, trans. by Moritz Heyne, 2nd edition (1898)." ESt 25 (1898), 271-73.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of The Parlement of the Thre Ages, an Alliterative Poem of the XIVth Century, ed. by Israel Gollancz (1897)." ESt 25 (1898), 273-89.

Thurneysen, R[udolf]. "Rev. of Zeitschrift für keltische Philologie, ed. by Kuno Meyer and L. Chr. Stern, vol. I (1897)." ESt 25 (1898), 309-310.

Varnhagen, H[ermann]. "Ueber eine unbekannte schottische Bearbeitung der Sieben Weisen." ESt 25 (1898), 321-25.
Discusses a version from Ms. Asloane (not contained in the Bannatyne Club's 1837 edition) of the Seven Sages, and prints "The taile of Cato of ye pyote."

Bischoff, O[tto]. "Ueber zweisilbige Senkung und epische Zäsur bei Chaucer: 2. Theil: Epische Zäsur." ESt 25 (1898), 339-98.
Investigates the use of the epic cesura in Chaucer's texts; the text was previously published as a U of Königsberg doctoral dissertation (1897) and (in part) as a book (Darmstadt: G. Otto) in 1897. The first part of the essay appeared in ESt 24 (1898).

Pogatscher, A[lois]. "Rev. of Angelsächsisches Lesebuch, Zusammengestellt und mit Glossar versehen, 2nd edition, by Friedrich Kluge (1897)." ESt 25 (1898), 422-25.

Binz, G[ustav]. "Rev. of Glossar zur altnorthumbrischen Evangelienübersetzung in der Rushworth-hs. (die sogenannte Glosse Rushworth 2), by Uno Lindelöf (1897)." ESt 25 (1898), 425-27.

Franz, W. "Rev. of Studien zur Geschichte des englischen Pronomens im XV. und XVI. Jahrhundert (Flexionslehre und Syntax), by H[einrich] Spies (1897)." ESt 25 (1898), 427-29.

Volume 26 (1899)

Jantzen, H. "Rev. of First Steps in Anglo-Saxon, by H[enry] Sweet (1897)." ESt 26 (1899), 60-62.

Nader, E. "Rev. of An Elementary Old English Grammar, by A. J. Wyatt (1897)." ESt 26 (1899), 62-63.

Fränkel, L[udwig]. "Rev. of Grundriss der Geschichte der englischen Sprache und Litteratur, 8th edition, by C. van Dalen (1893)." ESt 26 (1899), 97-99.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Englische Litteraturgeschichte, by Carl Weiser (1898)." ESt 26 (1899), 99-101.

Jantzen, H. "Rev. of Storia della Letteratura Inglese dale origini al tempo presento, by A. R. Levi (1898)." ESt 26 (1899), 102-106.

Jantzen, H. "Rev. of Talks about English Literature from the Earliest Times to the Present Day, by Anna Brückner (1898)." ESt 26 (1899), 109-110.

Swaen, A. E. H. "Contributions to Anglosaxon Lexicography." ESt 26 (1899), 124-33.
Publishes "gleanings" on individual OE words.

Jespersen, O[tto]. "Zu Chaucer's Prolog der Canterbury Tales, v. 12ff." ESt 26 (1899), 134.
Informs readers that he has proposed an emendation for l. 12ff. of the "General Prologue" of the Canterbury Tales before B. Ten Brink ("Zwei Stellen im Prolog der Canterbury Tales." ESt 24 (1898), 464-66).

Schade, A[rthur]. "Ueber das Verhältnis von Pope's January and May and The Wife of Bath, Her Prologue zu den entsprechenden Abschnitten von Chaucer's Canterbury Tales." ESt 25 (1898), 161-228.
Originally a 1897 Breslau doctoral dissertation; this second part of Schade's essay (the second part was published in ESt 25, 1898), a detailed comparison of Chaucer's "Merchant's Tale" and Pope's "translation," January and May, or the Merchants Tale. From Chaucer (1709), is a case study in the Making of the Middle Ages by a postmedieval writer. Schade concludes that Pope did not translate but adapt his predecessor's texts. He failed at modernizing the Wife of Bath's popular style of speech which eliminated the humor prevalent in Chaucer.

Sarrazin, G. "Der Ursprung der neuenglischen ai- und au- Diphthonge." ESt 26 (1899), 229-38.
Discusses the origins of those diphthongs (/ai/ and /au/) which exist in ModG and ModE.

Kellner, L[eon]. "Rev of Die Syntax in den Werken Alfred's des Grossen. Zweiten Teiles erste Hälfte. Zeitwort, by J. E. Wülfing (1897)." ESt 26 (1899), 262-63.

Bang, W. "Zu den Canterbury Tales." ESt 26 (1899), 319-20.
Note on A 3768ff. (Oxford Chaucer, vol. IV): W. W. Skeat provides vyritot, veritote, merytote, and verytro als variant readings to viritoot. Bang proposes to understand it as "upon the very tot" (an imitation of F sur le tôt, sure le tar).

Pogatscher, A[lois]. "Zu Engl. Studien XXV, p. 423." ESt 26 (1899), 320.
Note admitting that one of his conjectures in ESt 25 (1898) had already been proposed by A. S. Napier.

Kittredge, G[eorge] L[yman]. "Chaucer and Froissart (With a Discussion of the Date of the Méliador)." ESt 26 (1899), 321-36.
Based on a discussion of the date of composition for Jean Froissart's Méliador, Kittredge concludes that Chaucer has borrowed from the French poet (and not vice versa) and that Froissart, in turn, imitated Guillaume de Machaut.

Binz, G[ustav]. "Rev. of Kynewulf, der Bischof und Dichter. Untersuchungen über seine Werke und sein Leben, by M[oritz] Trautmann (1898)." ESt 26 (1899), 388-93.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of The Life of St. Cecilia from MS. Ashmole 43 and MS. Cotton Tiberius E. VII, ed by Bertha Ellen Lovewell (1898)." ESt 26 (1899), 394-99.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. A Middle English Arthurian Romance Retold in Modern Prose, by Jessie L. Weston (1898)." ESt 26 (1899), 399-403.

Kölbing, E[ugen. "Rev. of Einführung in das Studium der englischen Philologie mit Rücksicht auf die Anforderungen der Praxis, 2nd edition, by W. Vietor (1897)." ESt 26 (1899), 445-46.

Kölbing, E[ugen]. "Rev. of Wissenschaft und Praxis in der neueren Philologie. Academische Kaisergeburtstagsrede, by W. Vietor (1899)." ESt 26 (1899), 446-48.

Wülfing, J. E[rnst]. "Einige Bemerkungen zu Swaen's 'Contributions to Anglosaxon Lexicography'." ESt 26 (1899), 449-55.
Response (with additional examples from OE texts) to A. E. H. Swaen's essay on pp. 125-33 of the same volume of ESt.

Wülfing, J. E[rnst]. "Zu Engl. Studien XXIV, s. 463." ESt 26 (1899), 455.
On a textual passage printed in J. Earle and C. Plummer's Two of the Saxon Chronicles Parallel (1892).

McKnight, George G. "Orm's Double Consonants Again." ESt 26 (1899)." 455-56.
Presents examples in which Orm used double consonants to indicate long consonant even in closed syllable.