Thomas Herbst, English Valency Structures - A first sketch

EESE 6/99

English Valency Structures - A first sketch

Thomas Herbst (Erlangen)
Table of Contents  
0 Introduction
1 Basic priciples of a valency description
1.1 Valency theory in relation to other approaches
1.2 The development of valency theory
2 Basic categories of valency theory
2.1 Syntactic and semantic valency
2.1.1 Complements and adjuncts
2.1.2 Quantitative and qualitative - syntactic and semantic valency
2.2 Obligatory and optional complements
2.2.1 Three types of complement
2.2.2 Obligatory complements
2.2.3 Optional and contextually optional complements
2.3 Optional complements and adjuncts
2.3.1 Syntactic test criteria
2.3.2 One-word adverbs or adverbial clauses
2.3.3 Positional mobility
2.3.4 Question tests
2.4 Different types of necessity
2.4.1 Valency and communicative necessity
2.4.2 Subjects: Valency and structural necessity
3 Complement classes in English
3.1 The levels of valency and sentence structure
3.2 The character of the complements
3.2.1 Criteria used for identifying complement classes
3.2.2 Morphological properties of complements
3.2.3 Positional properties: [C]1, [C]2
3.2.4 Ability to occur as subject [C]a, [C]p, [C]o Restrictions
3.2.5 Complement classes as formal categories
3.3 Noun phrase complements
3.3.1 Complement Classes [NP]a, [NP]p, [NP]o
3.3.2 Alternative approaches: subject and object attributes
3.3.3 An alternative approach: direct and indirect object
3.4 Adjective Phrase Complements
3.5 Clause complements
3.5.1 [CL]a, [CL]p, [CL]o and the problem of discontinuous realisation
3.5.2 Finite clause complements
3.5.3 Non-finite clause complements Di- and trivalent constructions Types of infinitival complementation Clause complements without subject Non-finite clauses with subject Alternative analyses
3.6 Prepositional Complementation
3.6.1 Types of prepositional complement
3.6.2 Alternative analysis: prepositional verbs
3.7 The category [ADV]
3.8 Complement types [Quote] and [Sentence]
3.8.1 [Quote]
3.8.2 [Sentence]
3.9 Lexically restricted types of complement
3.9.1 [C]a [there]a and [it]a Alternative analysis
3.9.2 Pro-forms
3.9.3 Lexical restrictions